Khanuy Gol

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.67°N
  • 102.75°E

  • 1886 m
    6186 ft

  • 303020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khanuy Gol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khanuy Gol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khanuy Gol.

The Khanuy Gol (also spelled Hanui or Hanuy Gol) volcanic field is also known as the Chanuj Gol or Bulgan volcanic field. It consists of a group of 10 olivine-basaltic lava and cinder cones in west-central Mongolia about 150 km WNW of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The volcanic field covers a 3500 sq km flat-lying plain along the Khanuy River and in drainages to the east. The cones, including the well-preserved Togo cones about 50 km east of Khanuy, north of the settlement of Bulgan, range from about 30 to 190 m in height. The Togo cones, rich in ilmenite megacrysts and altered peridotite xenoliths, include Ikh Togo Uul ("Great Togo Mountain") and Baga Togo Uul "Big Togo Mountain'). The volcanic field was considered to be of late-Pleistocene to Holocene age (IAVCEI, 1973), although no precise age dates are available.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Khanuy Gol. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Khanuy Gol page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Bulgan Volcanic Field | Chanuj Gol | Hanui (Hanuy) Gol


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Baga Togo Uul
    Bogo-Togo-Ula
Cinder cone
Ikh Togo Uul
    Ikha-Togo-Ula
Cinder cone
Togo Cinder cone
Urun Dush Cinder cone
Urun-Dush volcano (center) is one of 10 lava and cinder cones of the Khanuy Gol (Hanuy Gol) volcanic field in west-central Mongolia about 150 km WNW of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The volcanic field covers a broad area along the Khanuy River and in other drainages to the east. The area is also known as the Chanuj Gol or Bulgan volcanic field. The cones range from about 30 to 190 m in height and were considered to be of late-Pleistocene to Holocene age, although no precise radiometric ages are available.

Photo by Alexei Ivanov (Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Barry T L, Saunders A D, Kempton P D, Windley B F, Pringle M S, Dorjnamjaa D, Saandar S, 2003. Petrogenesis of Cenozoic basalts from Mongolia: evidence for the role of asthenospheric versus metasomatized lithospheric mantle sources. J Petr, 44: 55-91.

Devyatkin Y V, Smelov S B, 1979. Position of basalts in the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence of Mongolia. Internatl Geol Rev, 22: 307-317.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Ivanov A V, 2003. . (pers. comm.).

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
6,120
6,120
6,120
66,243

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Khanuy Gol Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.