Khanuy Gol

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.67°N
  • 102.75°E

  • 1886 m
    6186 ft

  • 303020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khanuy Gol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khanuy Gol.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khanuy Gol.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

1886 m / 6186 ft


Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Khanuy Gol (also spelled Hanui or Hanuy Gol) volcanic field is also known as the Chanuj Gol or Bulgan volcanic field. It consists of a group of 10 olivine-basaltic lava and cinder cones in west-central Mongolia about 150 km WNW of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The volcanic field covers a 3500 sq km flat-lying plain along the Khanuy River and in drainages to the east. The cones, including the well-preserved Togo cones about 50 km east of Khanuy, north of the settlement of Bulgan, range from about 30 to 190 m in height. The Togo cones, rich in ilmenite megacrysts and altered peridotite xenoliths, include Ikh Togo Uul ("Great Togo Mountain") and Baga Togo Uul "Big Togo Mountain'). The volcanic field was considered to be of late-Pleistocene to Holocene age (IAVCEI, 1973), although no precise age dates are available.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Barry T L, Saunders A D, Kempton P D, Windley B F, Pringle M S, Dorjnamjaa D, Saandar S, 2003. Petrogenesis of Cenozoic basalts from Mongolia: evidence for the role of asthenospheric versus metasomatized lithospheric mantle sources. J Petr, 44: 55-91.

Devyatkin Y V, Smelov S B, 1979. Position of basalts in the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence of Mongolia. Internatl Geol Rev, 22: 307-317.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Ivanov A V, 2003. (pers. comm.).

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Khanuy Gol. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Khanuy Gol page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Bulgan Volcanic Field | Chanuj Gol | Hanui (Hanuy) Gol


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Baga Togo Uul
Pyroclastic cone
Ikh Togo Uul
Pyroclastic cone
Togo Pyroclastic cone
Urun Dush Pyroclastic cone

Photo Gallery

Urun-Dush volcano (center) is one of 10 lava and cinder cones of the Khanuy Gol (Hanuy Gol) volcanic field in west-central Mongolia about 150 km WNW of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The volcanic field covers a broad area along the Khanuy River and in other drainages to the east. The area is also known as the Chanuj Gol or Bulgan volcanic field. The cones range from about 30 to 190 m in height and were considered to be of late-Pleistocene to Holocene age, although no precise radiometric ages are available.

Photo by Alexei Ivanov (Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Khanuy Gol in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Khanuy Gol Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.