Segula

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.015°N
  • 178.136°E

  • 1160 m
    3805 ft

  • 311030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Segula.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Segula.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Segula.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
311030

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1160 m / 3805 ft

52.015°N
178.136°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera
Fissure vent

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Geological Summary

The 6 x 7 km island of Segula east of Kiska volcano consists of a conical stratovolcano cut by a prominent NNW-SSE-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends of the island. The northern end of the fissure is flooded by the sea to produce a long, narrow cove. Segula was constructed above a 100-m-deep submarine platform that extends eastward to Khvostof and Davidof islands. A submarine debris-avalanche deposit extends up to 18 km offshore to the north. The summit of Segula contains a small, poorly defined caldera that is partly overtopped on the south by a cinder cone that forms the 1153 m high point of the island and on the north by extensive lava flows that reach the NE coast along a broad front. Another lava field on the SE coast originated from a cinder cone at 300 m altitude on the SE flank. No historical eruptions are known from Segula, but Nelson (1959) considered fresh lava flows on the north flank to possibly be only a few hundred years old.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Coats R R, 1956c. Reconnaissance geology of some western Aleutian islands, Alaska.. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-E: 83-100.

Coombs M L, White S M, Scholl D W, 2007b. Massive edifice failure at Aleutian arc volcanoes. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 256: 403-418.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Nelson W H, 1959. Geology of Segula, Davidof, and Khvostof Islands, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-K: 257-266.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Segula. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Segula page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Chugul

Photo Gallery


A prominent N-S-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends cuts across Segula volcano, located near the western end of the Aleutian arc. The irregular topography on the north side of the island is formed by an extensive lava field that was erupted from the summit crater and blankets the NE flank of the volcano to the coast. A smaller lava field at the lower right originated from a cinder cone on the lower SE flank. A cinder cone constructed along the south rim of a small caldera forms the 1153 m high point of the island.

Photo by U.S. Air Force (published in U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1028-K).
The broad snow-free island at the right center is Davidof, part of the rim of a largely submerged caldera. The snow-capped peak behind Davidof to the NW is historically active Segula volcano. The snow-capped island in the far left distance is Buldir volcano; the photo was taken from Little Sitkin Island.

Photo by Steve Ebbert, 2000 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).
The 6 x 7 km island of Segula is seen offshore from the SW. The conical stratovolcano cut by a prominent NNW-SSE-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends of the island. The summit of Segula contains a small, poorly defined caldera that is partly overtopped on the south by a cinder cone that forms the 1153 m high point of the island. No historical eruptions are known from Segula, but fresh-looking lava flows are found on the north flank.

Photo by Christina Neal, 2005 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Segula Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.