Antipodes Island

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.68°S
  • 178.77°E

  • 402 m
    1319 ft

  • 335010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Antipodes Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Antipodes Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Antipodes Island.

The isolated, uninhabited Antipodes Islands are located in the south Pacific, 770 km SE of New Zealand. Volcanism has been dominantly pyroclastic, and the presence of well-preserved scoria cones suggests a Holocene age (LeMasurier and Thomson, 1990). The most recent eruptions occurred on the cone forming Mount Galloway and Mount Waterhouse at the center of 4-km-wide Antipodes Island. Marine erosion has exposed sections through tuff cones at Perpendicular Head and Albatross Point at the NE and SE tips of the island, respectively. Radiometric dates indicated basalts that are younger than 1 million years, and Mullen (1969) also noted that volcanism may have continued until Recent times.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Antipodes Island. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Antipodes Island page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Albatross Point Tuff cone
Bollons Island Cone
Galloway, Mount Cone 402 m
Perpendicular Head Tuff cone
Waterhouse, Mount Cone
Windward Island Cone
The isolated, uninhabited Antipodes Islands, seen here from the north, are located in the south Pacific, 770 km SE of New Zealand. Volcanism has been dominantly pyroclastic, and the presence of well-preserved scoria cones suggests a Holocene age. The most recent eruptions occurred on the cone forming Mount Galloway and Mount Waterhouse at the center of Antipodes Island. Bollons Island, at the left, lies off the NE coast of the 4-km-wide main island.

Photo by Benjamin Hell, 2003 (wikimedia commons, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Cullen D J, 1969. Quaternary volcanism at the Antipodes Islands: its bearing on structural interpretation of the southwest Pacific. J Geophys Res, 74: 4213-4220.

LeMasurier W E, Thomson J W (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Washington, D C: Amer Geophys Union, 487 p.

Warham J, Johns P M, 1975. The University of Canterbury Antipodes Island Expedition 1969. J Roy Soc New Zeal, 5: 103-131.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Antipodes Island Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.