Palomo

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 34.608°S
  • 70.295°W

  • 4860 m
    15941 ft

  • 357022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Palomo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Palomo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Palomo.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
357022

Unknown - Evidence Credible

4860 m / 15941 ft

34.608°S
70.295°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
162
325
4,732
965,894

Geological Summary

Palomo is a small, 4850-m-high stratovolcano that is somewhat dissected by glaciers. A NE-flank cone, Andres, is postglacial in age and has produced andesitic lava flows. Palomo lies west of the massive Caldera del Atuel and was constructed within double calderas 3 and 5 km in diameter. The largely ice-covered Palomo has erupted basaltic-andesite to dacitic lava flows; a double crater indicates migration of activity to the NE. The youthful morphology of Palomo suggests a very recent, perhaps prehispanic, age.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Hildreth W, Moorbath S, 1988. Crustal contribution to arc magmatism in the Andes of central Chile. Contr Mineral Petr, 98: 455-489.

Moreno H, 1974. Airplane flight over active volcanoes of central-south Chile. Internatl Symp Volc Andean & Antarctic Volc Problems Guidebook, Excur D-3, 56 p.

Moreno H, Naranjo J A, 1991. The southern Andes volcanoes (33°-41° 30' S), Chile. 6th Geol Cong Chile, Excur PC-3, 26 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Palomo. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Palomo page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Andres Stratovolcano 3300 m 34° 35' 0" S 70° 15' 0" W

Photo Gallery


Glaciers mantle the southern side of 4850-m-high Palomo volcano (left-center). The ice cover forms the Universidad (University) Glacier, which drains to the SW into the Tinguiririca River.

Photo by Wolfgang Foerster, courtesy of Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).
Palomo is a small, 4850-m-high stratovolcano that is seen here from the NNE rising above ruggedly dissected basement rocks. Palomo was constructed within double calderas, 3 and 5 km in diameter, respectively. A flank cone, Andres, is postglacial in age and has produced andesitic lava flows. Palomo has erupted basaltic-andesite to dacitic lava flows. No historical eruptions are known from Palomo, although its youthful morphology suggests a very young age.

Photo by Wolfgang Foerster, courtesy of Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Palomo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.