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An eruption in 1988 confirmed the presence of a postulated subglacial vent in the Patagonian Icefield NW of Viedma Lake (Kilian, 1991). A previously suggested vent location (Shipton, 1960) turned out to be a glacial nunatak of metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. The Volcán Viedma eruptive center is a subglacial dacitic volcano beneath the Patagonian Icecap west of the spectacular granitic spires of the Cerro Torre, Cerro Fitz Roy area. Only part of the older edifice rises above the surface of the icecap. Four large craters or calderas between 1.5 and 4 km in diameter are located along a N-S line. The 1988 eruption deposited ash and pumice on the Patagonian Icecap and produced a mudflow that reached Viedma Lake.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1988 Nov 15 ± 45 days||Unknown||Confirmed||Historical Observations||Southernmost crater|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Nunatak del Viedma|
|The figure-8-shaped area rising above the Patagonian Icefield at the upper left part of this NASA Landsat mosaic is part of the Viedma volcanic complex. An outflow glacier descends into Lake Viedma at the lower right. This mostly subglacial volcano produced an eruption in 1988 that confirmed the presence of a postulated subglacial vent in the Patagonian Icefield NW of Viedma Lake. The 1988 eruption deposited ash and pumice on the icecap and produced a mudflow that reached Viedma Lake.
NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)
|Nunatak del Viedma is seen from Paso del Viento with Cordón Mariano Moreno partially hidden within the clouds. The huge lateral moraine of Viedma Glacier lies in the foreground. The glacier surface displays three conspicuous irregular tephra bands distorted by differential movement of the glacier.
Photo by Pedro Skvarca, 1994 (Instituto Antártico Argentino, from U. S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1386-I).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.
Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.
Kilian R, 1991. A volcanic eruption of 1988 on the Viedma glacier in the Patagonian Andes (49° 22' S). Preprint from unknown journal.
Shipton E, 1960. Volcanic activity on the Patagonian ice cap. Geog Jour, 126: 389-396.