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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Brennisteinsfjöll.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Heidin Ha||Shield volcano||626 m||63° 58' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Herdisarvikurhraun||Shield volcano||63° 55' 0" N||21° 50' 0" W|
|Hlidarhraun||Shield volcano||63° 52' 0" N||21° 39' 0" W|
|Leitin||Shield volcano||430 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 32' 0" W|
|Rjupnadyngjur||Shield volcano||64° 2' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Strompar||Shield volcano||550 m||63° 59' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Brunagigir||Crater Row||64° 0' 0" N||21° 42' 0" W|
|Eldborg a Brennisteinsfjollum||Crater Row||520 m||63° 55' 0" N||21° 50' 0" W|
|Eldborg Nyrdri at Lambafell||Crater Row||440 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 30' 0" W|
|Eldborg Sydri at Lambafell||Crater Row||64° 1' 0" N||21° 31' 0" W|
|Eldborg-Drottningu||Crater Row||440 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Eyra||Fissure vent||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Gigir at Storkonugja||Crater Row||63° 58' 0" N||21° 44' 0" W|
|Grafeldur||Crater Row||63° 57' 0" N||21° 46' 0" W|
|Helgadalshraun||Crater Row||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Holmshraun||Crater Row||64° 3' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Kalfadalshraun||Crater Row||200 m||63° 53' 0" N||21° 57' 0" W|
|Kista||Crater Row||63° 56' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Kistufell||Fissure vent||600 m||63° 57' 0" N||21° 48' 0" W|
|Kongsfell||Crater Row||500 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 40' 0" W|
|Litla Eldborg undir Geitlahlid||Crater Row||80 m||63° 51' 0" N||21° 59' 0" W|
|Rauduhnukagigir||Crater Row||340 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 38' 0" W|
|Slattudalshraun||Crater Row||63° 52' 0" N||21° 59' 0" W|
|Stora Eldborg undir Geitlahlid||Crater Row||140 m||63° 51' 0" N||22° 0' 0" W|
|Stori Bolli||Crater Row||560 m||63° 59' 0" N||21° 45' 0" W|
|Svartihryggur||Crater Row||63° 58' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Thrihnukar||Fissure vent||540 m||64° 0' 0" N||21° 41' 0" W|
|Tvibollar||Crater Row||63° 59' 0" N||21° 45' 0" W|
|Vilfilfellshraun||Crater Row||340 m||64° 1' 0" N||21° 37' 0" W|
|Vordufellsborgir||Fissure vent||63° 54' 0" N||21° 52' 0" W|
There is data available for 9 Holocene eruptive periods.
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1341 ± 1 years||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||Grafeldur (Selvogshraun)|
|1000 Jun 25 ± 4 days||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Historical Observations||Eldborg at Lambafell|
|0950 (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||Rjupnadyngjur|
|0910 ± 75 years||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||Kista (Breiddalshraun)|
|0875 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||Tvibollar|
|1040 BCE ± 75 years||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum|
|2660 BCE ± 75 years||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||Leitin|
|9000 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Tephrochronology||Heidin Há|
There is no Deformation History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
There is no Emissions History data available for Brennisteinsfjöll.
|The Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system, located east of Kleifarvatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending crater rows and small shield volcanoes. Brennisteinsfjöll is seen here in an aerial view from the south with youthful light-colored lava flows spilling over an E-W-trending coastal scarp. An eruption in 1000 CE was dated by its occurrence at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic outdoor parliament at Thingvellier. The most recent eruption at Brennisteinsfjöll took place in the 14th century.
Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1983 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
There are no samples for Brennisteinsfjöll in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.
|Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes (Link to Brennisteinsfjöll)||The Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes is an interactive, web-based tool, containing information on volcanic systems that belong to the active volcanic zones of Iceland. It is a collaboration of the Icelandic Meteorological Office (the state volcano observatory), the Institute of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland, and the Civil Protection Department of the National Commissioner of the Iceland Police, with contributions from a large number of specialists in Iceland and elsewhere. This official publication is intended to serve as an accurate and up-to-date source of information about active volcanoes in Iceland and their characteristics. The Catalogue forms a part of an integrated volcanic risk assessment project in Iceland GOSVÁ (commenced in 2012), as well as being part of the effort of FUTUREVOLC (2012-2016) on establishing an Icelandic volcano supersite.|
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the MAGA Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
|WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|Large Eruptions of Brennisteinsfjöll||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|