The Pleiades

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 72.67°S
  • 165.5°E

  • 3040 m
    9971 ft

  • 390013
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for The Pleiades.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for The Pleiades.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for The Pleiades.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1050 BCE

3040 m / 9971 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Pleiades volcano consists of a small trachytic stratovolcano, Mount Pleiones, which along with several lava domes and cinder cones with well-preserved craters, rises 500-m above the broad Evans Neve plateau. The Pleiades are located in the Melbourne volcanic province of Antarctica's northern Victoria Land near the western coast of the Ross Sea. Three nested cones containing distinct craters cap Mount Pleiones. A Potassium-Argon age of 3000 years was obtained from the Taygete cone NNE of Mount Pleiones, and the Pleiades appear to be among the youngest volcanic centers in Antarctica. Other dates of 12-40,000 years support a youthful age despite the large analytical uncertainties.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Kyle P R, 1982. Volcanic geology of the Pleiades, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: Craddock C (ed) {Antarctic Geoscience}, Madison: Univ Wisconsin Press, p 747-754.

LeMasurier W E, Thomson J W (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Washington, D C: Amer Geophys Union, 487 p.

Nathan S, Schulte F J, 1968. Geology and petrology of the Campbell-Aviator Divide, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, Part 1 Post Paleozoic rocks. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 11: 940-975.

Riddolls B W, Hancox G T, 1968. The geology of the Upper Mariner Glacier region, North Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 11: 881-899.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1050 BCE ± 14000 years Unknown Confirmed   Potassium-Argon NE of Mount Pleiones (Taygete Cone)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Electra, Mount


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Aleyone Cone
Pleiones, Mount
    Atlas, Mount
Stratovolcano 3040 m 72° 40' 0" S 165° 18' 0" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Taygete Cone Dome

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for The Pleiades.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for The Pleiades in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of The Pleiades Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.