Additional Report for JunJaegyu

Jun Jaegyu

Antarctic Continental Shelf


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03/2005 (BGVN 30:03) Newly described submarine volcano near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula


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03/2005 (BGVN 30:03) Newly described submarine volcano near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula

Jun Jaegyu is a young volcano near the Antarctic Peninsula visited in May 2004 by researchers from a group of United States and Canadian universities aboard the U.S. National Science Foundation research vessel Laurence M. Gould (Cruise LMG04-04). The expedition's chief scientist was Eugene Domack of Hamilton College.

Prior to this cruise, bathymetric swath maps from 2002 revealed a symmetrical volcano that had not been scoured by the advance and retreat of glaciers. The 2004 cruise dredged the volcano and found material that included fresh basalt in a flank area devoid of colonizing bottom-dwelling organisms. In contrast, observations suggested that other portions of the volcano were heavily colonized by bottom-dwelling organisms. The discovery of the volcano corroborated mariners' reports of discolored water in the area. These observations, and a thermal anomaly, were all consistent with comparatively recent volcanic activity.

The volcano is located on the Antarctic continental shelf in the southern Antarctic Sound, ~ 9 km N of the easternmost point of Andersson Island and NW of Rosamel Island (figure 1), N of the mapped boundary of Late Cenozoic volcanic rocks. Swath bathymetric mapping indicated that the volcano stands ~ 700 m above the seafloor (at a depth of ~ 1,000 m) and thus extends to within ~ 275 m of the ocean surface. The seamount has an elongate, symmetrical shape and contains ~ 1.5 km3 of volcanic rock.

Figure 1. Jun Jaegyu submarine volcano (J) lies E of the extreme tip of the Antarctic Peninsula (see inset map) in the Antarctic sound, an area sheltered by several islands. Paulet Island, another volcano of probable Holocene age, lies just outside the Antarctic Sound on the SE side of Dundee Island. A better known Holocene volcano, Deception Island, lies to the NW (adjacent to the South Shetland Islands) as indicated by the arrow. Base map copied from Northern Graham Land and South Shetland Island, British Antarctic Territory Geologic Map (1:500,000) from BAS 500 G, sheet 2, edition 1, 1978. Note that map coordinates shown are in degrees and minutes (eg. 57 00', 57 degrees and 0 minutes).

Two observed positive thermal anomalies (up to 0.052°C), recorded by temperature probes towed over the volcano from S to N, may be associated with two active volcanic centers. The more complex N temperature anomaly may also be associated with what appeared to be fresher lava flows.

The volcano lies along a NW-SE oriented fault scarp. Material dredged from the volcano have not been dated because accurately dating vesicular, partially altered, young submarine basalts is problematic at best. No gas samples were collected during this cruise.

Ashley Hatfield, a participant in the cruise and an undergraduate geology student at Hamilton College, advised by David Bailey and Eugene Domack, analyzed representative samples for whole-rock major and trace elements using XRF (X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy) and ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry). The samples are generally angular, glassy, and vesicular, having plagioclase, olivine, and clinopyroxene present as phenocryst phases, and with small rounded xenoliths being common (Hatfield and others, 2004). The samples were classified as alkali basalts and trachybasalts, and their chemical signatures were consistent with other known volcanoes throughout the northern Antarctic Peninsula.

Hatfield noted that the volcano is named in honor of Jun Jaegyu, a young Korean scientist who lost his life during the 2003 field season in the South Shetland islands. He was participating in the Korean Antarctic Program through their geophysical observatory based in the South Shetland Islands (King Sejong Station, established in 1988 on the Barton Peninsula, King George Island at 62°13.4818'S, 58°47.4744'W).

The scientific crew for this cruise included Hatfield, Bailey, and Domack, (Department of Geology, Hamilton College, Clinton, New York); Stefanie Brachfield, (Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, New Jersey); Robert Gilbert (Department of Geological Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario); Scott Ishman (Department of Geology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois); Gerd Krahmann (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York); and Amy Leventer (Department of Geology, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York).

Reference. Hatfield, A., Bailey, D., Domack, E., Brachfeld, S., Gilbert, R., Ishman, S., Krahmann, G., and Leventer, A., 2004, Jun Jaegyu volcano; A recently discovered alkali basalt volcano in Antarctic Sound, Antarctica: Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85(47), Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract T11A-1248.

Information Contacts: David G. Bailey, Eugene Domack, andAshley K. Hatfield, Department of Geosciences, Hamilton College, 198 College Hill Rd., Clinton, NY 13323, USA (Email: dbailey@hamilton.edu, edomack@hamilton.edu, and ahatfield@hamilton.edu).