Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — 7 May-13 May 2003
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
7 May-13 May 2003
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 7 May-13 May 2003. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 22 April at 1802 an ash explosion occurred at Karangetang that was accompanied by the ejection of incandescent volcanic material. The resultant ash column rose to ~1,750 m above the volcano, and incandescent material was ejected to ~750 m above the volcano. Ash was deposited on the volcano's W slope, including in the villages of Lehi, Mini, Kinali, and Hiung. The explosion was followed by lava avalanches to the W and S and pyroclastic flows toward Batang River to a runout distance of 2,250 m. Another explosion occurred on 24 April that produced an ash cloud to ~750 m above the volcano. Generally, during 21 April to 4 May, low-level ash plumes rose above South Crater, and glowing was seen up to 25 m above the crater. Karangetang remained at Alert Level 3 (on a scale of 1-4).
Geological Summary. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, about 125 km NNE of the NE-most point of Sulawesi island. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts have produced pyroclastic flows.