Report on Krysuvik-Trolladyngja (Iceland) — 15 December-21 December 2021
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
15 December-21 December 2021
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2021. Report on Krysuvik-Trolladyngja (Iceland). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 15 December-21 December 2021. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
63.917°N, 22.067°W; summit elev. 360 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO) reported that as of 18 December no eruptive activity at the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system had been observed for the previous three months, so the eruption was officially declared to have ended on 18 September. IMO noted that deformation data showed continuing magma accumulation beneath Geldingadalir.
Seismicity increased at 1800 on 21 December in an area 2-4 km NE of Geldingadalir. The seismicity notably intensified at 0030 on 22 December with 1-10 earthquakes recorded per minute, bringing the total number of events to about 900 by 0222. The largest event was a M 3.3. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange.
Geological Summary. The Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system is described by the Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes as an approximately 50-km-long composite fissure swarm trending about N38°E, including a 30-km-long swarm of fissures, with no central volcano. It is one of the volcanic systems arranged en-echelon along the Reykjanes Peninsula west of Kleifarvatn lake. The Fagradalsfjall and Krýsuvík fissure swarms are considered splits or secondary swarms of the Krýsuvík–Trölladyngja volcanic system. Small shield volcanoes have produced a large portion of the erupted volume within the system. Several eruptions have taken place since the settlement of Iceland, including the eruption of a large basaltic lava flow from the Ogmundargigar crater row around the 12th century. The latest eruption, identified through tephrochronology, took place during the 14th century.