Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) — 22 February-28 February 2006
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
22 February-28 February 2006
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 22 February-28 February 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
Atka Volcanic Complex
52.331°N, 174.139°W; summit elev. 1518 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that the Concern Color Code at Korovin volcano was raised from Green to Yellow on 22 February due to an increase in seismicity at the volcano. Distinct seismic signals indicating unrest were recorded on 4 days between 17 and 22 January, with a sustained 11-minute-long seismic signal on 22 February. After 22 February, seismicity decreased and distinct seismic signals like those recorded earlier were not detected. Clouds obscured satellite views of the volcano after 22 February. A pilot report on the 22nd indicated that the summit area was obscured by clouds, and there were no signs of ashfall on the flanks and no steam plume above the volcano. No obvious signs of activity were seen on 23 February by observers in the village of Atka. AVO received no reports of volcanic activity and there were no indications that an eruption was imminent.
Geological Summary. The Atka Volcanic Complex consists of a central shield and Pleistocene caldera with several post-caldera volcanoes. A major dacitic explosive eruption accompanied formation of the caldera about 500,000 to 300,000 years ago. The most prominent of the post-caldera stratovolcanoes are Kliuchef and Sarichef, both of which may have been active in historical time. Sarichef has a symmetrical profile, but the less eroded Kliuchef is the source of most if not all historical eruptions. Kliuchef may have been active on occasion simultaneously with Korovin volcano to the north. Hot springs and fumaroles are located on the flanks of Mount Kliuchef and in a glacial valley SW of Kliuchef. Korovin, at the NE tip of Atka Island, is the most frequently active volcano of the complex, and contains a double summit with two craters. The NW summit has a small crater, but the 1-km-wide crater of the SE cone has an open cylindrical vent of widely variable depth that sometimes contains a crater lake or a high magma column. A fresh-looking cinder cone lies on the flank of the partially dissected Konia volcano, located on the SE flank of the dominantly basaltic Korovin. Some late-stage dacitic lava flows are present on both Korovin and Konia.