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What was erupting in the year...?

Statistics for volcanoes and recorded eruptions since 1960; data for 2024 is through the last data update (15 December 2023). Click on each year for the full list of volcanoes and additional details for that year (opens a new tab). Total eruptions counts activity that took place during any (or all) of that year. Eruptions that started as new activity are included in the total eruptions count. Data subject to change or correction due to ongoing research. Columns showing the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) values reflect the maximum VEI for the overall eruption and are assigned to the year in which the eruption started. The "Has volcanic activity been increasing?" page provides further analysis of this data; our primary conclusion is that overall volcanism has not increased, but that the apparent rise is due to reporting bias issues, where recent improvements in communication and technology (especially satellites) have allowed observation of low-level activity that went unrecorded in the past.

Year Eruptions
Started (New)
Eruptions
Ended
Eruptions
Total
Volcanoes
Active
Countries VEI <= 2 VEI 3 VEI 4 VEI 5 VEI 6
2023 22 25 72 69 28 22 0 0 0 0
2022 33 35 85 80 28 32 1 0 0 0
2021 34 31 83 77 30 31 1 1 1 0
2020 28 25 74 69 29 22 4 2 0 0
2019 27 29 75 73 28 22 3 2 0 0
2018 37 32 80 75 28 31 6 0 0 0
2017 33 31 74 71 29 26 6 1 0 0
2016 36 45 86 75 28 30 6 0 0 0
2015 44 40 90 83 31 37 5 2 0 0
2014 41 33 79 71 31 30 8 3 0 0
2013 37 42 80 73 29 29 7 1 0 0
2012 41 38 81 72 27 36 5 0 0 0
2011 36 36 76 71 28 31 2 2 1 0
2010 33 37 77 69 24 21 10 2 0 0
2009 31 31 75 68 25 28 2 1 0 0
2008 45 39 86 80 28 36 6 3 0 0
2007 36 38 81 76 29 30 6 0 0 0
2006 44 41 86 76 29 39 4 1 0 0
2005 46 38 83 75 28 39 7 0 0 0
2004 49 42 81 71 27 41 7 1 0 0
2003 29 32 65 63 25 24 5 0 0 0
2002 41 34 74 66 25 36 3 2 0 0
2001 33 36 70 65 26 27 6 0 0 0
2000 39 38 75 67 29 34 4 1 0 0
1999 39 31 70 67 26 34 4 1 0 0
1998 32 23 59 56 24 27 5 0 0 0
1997 26 25 56 52 23 22 4 0 0 0
1996 35 26 61 59 23 29 6 0 0 0
1995 33 36 65 62 29 29 4 0 0 0
1994 33 27 62 58 22 28 4 1 0 0
1993 27 28 60 58 24 25 1 1 0 0
1992 27 24 61 57 24 24 2 1 0 0
1991 37 29 67 65 27 31 4 0 1 1
1990 30 27 60 56 22 23 6 1 0 0
1989 25 26 57 55 24 23 2 0 0 0
1988 27 30 64 62 24 23 4 0 0 0
1987 32 23 64 62 23 29 3 0 0 0
1986 41 38 75 67 28 32 6 3 0 0
1985 27 25 60 54 25 22 5 0 0 0
1984 33 29 64 59 23 28 5 0 0 0
1983 32 24 58 55 20 25 6 1 0 0
1982 32 35 64 59 22 27 3 1 1 0
1981 29 24 60 56 24 22 5 2 0 0
1980 41 36 74 67 25 31 9 0 1 0
1979 32 24 65 60 22 28 4 0 0 0
1978 25 22 58 56 22 23 2 0 0 0
1977 39 35 73 65 26 35 4 0 0 0
1976 29 23 61 56 23 27 1 1 0 0
1975 23 16 52 49 22 21 1 1 0 0
1974 27 32 64 60 19 22 4 1 0 0
1973 41 29 69 65 21 35 5 1 0 0
1972 30 22 55 53 22 25 5 0 0 0
1971 32 28 56 53 20 27 5 0 0 0
1970 34 25 57 55 23 28 6 0 0 0
1969 32 29 57 54 22 30 2 0 0 0
1968 32 29 58 54 22 24 7 1 0 0
1967 43 31 66 61 24 37 6 0 0 0
1966 35 32 63 60 23 24 9 2 0 0
1965 34 27 60 56 24 27 6 1 0 0
1964 29 29 58 54 21 27 1 1 0 0
1963 40 27 64 58 20 31 8 0 1 0
1962 29 21 52 51 17 24 5 0 0 0
1961 32 25 56 52 21 27 5 0 0 0
1960 35 18 58 56 20 26 9 0 0 0

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Global Volcanism Program, 2023. [Database] Volcanoes of the World (v. 5.1.5; 15 Dec 2023). Distributed by Smithsonian Institution, compiled by Venzke, E. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW5-2023.5.1