Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) — August 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 8 (August 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Langila (Papua New Guinea) Explosions and glow
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199208-252010.
Papua New Guinea
5.525°S, 148.42°E; summit elev. 1330 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Moderate activity prevailed . . . throughout August. Activity at Crater 2 consisted of weak emissions of white and blue vapour with occasional rumbling sounds. From the 19th onward, the volume of gas and vapour emission increased, explosion sounds were heard intermittently, and a night glow was seen above the crater. Activity at Crater 3 was limited to occasional emission of white to grey vapour clouds. Seismicity remained low throughout the month, with only a few explosion shocks recorded daily."
Geologic Background. Langila, one of the most active volcanoes of New Britain, consists of a group of four small overlapping composite basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower E flank of the extinct Talawe volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain. A rectangular, 2.5-km-long crater is breached widely to the SE; Langila was constructed NE of the breached crater of Talawe. An extensive lava field reaches the coast on the N and NE sides of Langila. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded since the 19th century from three active craters at the summit. The youngest and smallest crater (no. 3 crater) was formed in 1960 and has a diameter of 150 m.
Information Contacts: P. de Saint-Ours and C. McKee, RVO.