Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) — June 1978
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 3, no. 6 (June 1978)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Kanlaon (Philippines) Twenty-minute ash eruption
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1978. Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) (Squires, D., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 3:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN197806-272020
10.412°N, 123.132°E; summit elev. 2435 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A brief ash eruption began at  on 27 June. A grayish eruption column rose [~1,500 m] above the summit before being blown S by strong prevailing winds. Ash fell on S-flank villages within 8 km of the summit. The eruption ended after about 20 minutes, and was succeeded by voluminous but low-pressure emission of white vapor.
Geological Summary. Kanlaon volcano (also spelled Canlaon), the most active of the central Philippines, forms the highest point on the island of Negros. The massive andesitic stratovolcano is dotted with fissure-controlled pyroclastic cones and craters, many of which are filled by lakes. The largest debris avalanche known in the Philippines traveled 33 km SW from Kanlaon. The summit contains a 2-km-wide, elongated northern caldera with a crater lake and a smaller, but higher, historically active vent, Lugud crater, to the south. Historical eruptions, recorded since 1866, have typically consisted of phreatic explosions of small-to-moderate size that produce minor ashfalls near the volcano.
Information Contacts: G. Andal, Commission on Volcanology (COMVOL), Quezon City.