Report on Cleveland (United States) — 18 April-24 April 2001
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 18 April-24 April 2001
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2001. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 18 April-24 April 2001. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Volcanic unrest continued at Cleveland through 20 April. A thermal anomaly was persistently detected in satellite imagery on days when the weather was clear to partly cloudy. Low-level pulses of volcanic tremor were detected several times during the week by an AVO seismic network 230 km to the E of the volcano. AVO received no reports of significant volcanic activity from either pilots, residents, or satellite remote sensors.
Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.