Report on Colima (Mexico) — 8 January-14 January 2003
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 8 January-14 January 2003
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Colima (Mexico). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 8 January-14 January 2003. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
19.514°N, 103.62°W; summit elev. 3850 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Universidad de Colima reported that on 13 January volcanism was at relatively low levels at Colima. Lava slowly flowed to the W and SW. Landslides from lava-flow fronts traveled 800-1,200 m W and SW. Incandescence was visible at the volcano's summit during the evenings. Seismicity associated with the landslides was recorded, although the number and size of the landslides diminished in comparison to the previous month. Deflation was recorded at the volcano. The 6.5-km-radius exclusion zone around Colima remained in effect, with other restrictions to access extending 11.5 km from the volcano's summit.
Geologic Background. The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the high point of the complex) on the north and the historically active Volcán de Colima at the south. A group of late-Pleistocene cinder cones is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, producing thick debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions have destroyed the summit (most recently in 1913) and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.