Report on Kanlaon (Philippines) — 27 April-3 May 2005
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 April-3 May 2005
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2005. Report on Kanlaon (Philippines). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 April-3 May 2005. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
10.412°N, 123.132°E; summit elev. 2435 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 27 April to 2 May, mild ash-and-steam emissions from Canlaon produced plumes to a maximum height of 1 km above the volcano (11,300 ft a.s.l.). The sulfur-dioxide flux began to increase on 28 April, reaching 2,700 tons on 1 May. According to news reports, flights to and from nearby Kalibo airport were suspended on 3 May due to reduced visibility.
Geologic Background. Kanlaon volcano (also spelled Canlaon), the most active of the central Philippines, forms the highest point on the island of Negros. The massive andesitic stratovolcano is dotted with fissure-controlled pyroclastic cones and craters, many of which are filled by lakes. The largest debris avalanche known in the Philippines traveled 33 km SW from Kanlaon. The summit contains a 2-km-wide, elongated northern caldera with a crater lake and a smaller, but higher, historically active vent, Lugud crater, to the south. Historical eruptions, recorded since 1866, have typically consisted of phreatic explosions of small-to-moderate size that produce minor ashfalls near the volcano.