Report on Veniaminof (United States) — 14 September-20 September 2005
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 14 September-20 September 2005
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2005. Report on Veniaminof (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 14 September-20 September 2005. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.17°N, 159.38°W; summit elev. 2507 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on interpretations of seismic data at Veniaminof, minor ash emission continued at a very low rate of 1-5 events per day. AVO reported that it was likely that diffuse ash plumes rose to heights less than ~3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and were confined to the summit caldera. Veniaminof remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Geologic Background. Veniaminof, on the Alaska Peninsula, is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3,700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank. Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.