Report on Reventador (Ecuador) — 18 June-24 June 2014
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 18 June-24 June 2014
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2014. Report on Reventador (Ecuador). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 18 June-24 June 2014. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
0.077°S, 77.656°W; summit elev. 3562 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
IG reported that although cloud cover often prevented observations of Reventador, during 18-24 June ash plumes were occasionally observed. At night on 17 June incandescence was observed on the S and E flanks. In the morning of 18 June a diffuse ash plume was visible rising ~600 m above the summit that dispersed to the NW. A total of 30 explosion signatures were recorded by the seismic network, along with long-period (LP) earthquakes and tremor.
Incandescence was observed in the morning of 19 June. The infrared webcamera recorded incandescent material descending onto the NE flank. Residents of San Rafael (8 km ESE) reported roaring sounds from the volcano on 19 and 20 June. The seismic network detected >=18 explosions, >20 LP, and >=7 tremor events per day during 18-24 June.
Geologic Background. Reventador is the most frequently active of a chain of Ecuadorian volcanoes in the Cordillera Real, well east of the principal volcanic axis. The forested, dominantly andesitic Volcán El Reventador stratovolcano rises to 3562 m above the jungles of the western Amazon basin. A 4-km-wide caldera widely breached to the east was formed by edifice collapse and is partially filled by a young, unvegetated stratovolcano that rises about 1300 m above the caldera floor to a height comparable to the caldera rim. It has been the source of numerous lava flows as well as explosive eruptions that were visible from Quito in historical time. Frequent lahars in this region of heavy rainfall have constructed a debris plain on the eastern floor of the caldera. The largest historical eruption took place in 2002, producing a 17-km-high eruption column, pyroclastic flows that traveled up to 8 km, and lava flows from summit and flank vents.