Report on Sabancaya (Peru) — 21 February-27 February 2018
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 February-27 February 2018
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Sabancaya (Peru). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 February-27 February 2018. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
15.787°S, 71.857°W; summit elev. 5960 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya was similar to the previous week; there was an average of 17 explosions recorded per day during 19-25 February. Seismicity was dominated by long-period events, with signals indicating emissions. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 4.5 km above the crater rim and drifted 50 km NW, SW, S, and SE. The MIROVA system detected one thermal anomaly. The sulfur dioxide flux was high, at 2,092 tons per day on 25 February. The report noted that the public should not to approach the crater within a 12-km radius.
Geologic Background. Sabancaya, located in the saddle NE of Ampato and SE of Hualca Hualca volcanoes, is the youngest of these volcanic centers and the only one to have erupted in historical time. The oldest of the three, Nevado Hualca Hualca, is of probable late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene age. The name Sabancaya (meaning "tongue of fire" in the Quechua language) first appeared in records in 1595 CE, suggesting activity prior to that date. Holocene activity has consisted of Plinian eruptions followed by emission of voluminous andesitic and dacitic lava flows, which form an extensive apron around the volcano on all sides but the south. Records of historical eruptions date back to 1750.