Report on Raung (Indonesia) — 21 August-27 August 2002
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
21 August-27 August 2002
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Raung (Indonesia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 August-27 August 2002. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
8.119°S, 114.056°E; summit elev. 3260 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on pilot reports and satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that an ash plume was visible rising from Raung on 25 August at 1534. The cloud reached a height of ~9.2 km a.s.l. and drifted to the W at high levels and to the E at lower levels.
Geological Summary. Raung, one of Java's most active volcanoes, is a massive stratovolcano in easternmost Java that was constructed SW of the rim of Ijen caldera. The unvegetated summit is truncated by a dramatic steep-walled, 2-km-wide caldera that has been the site of frequent historical eruptions. A prehistoric collapse of Gunung Gadung on the W flank produced a large debris avalanche that traveled 79 km, reaching nearly to the Indian Ocean. Raung contains several centers constructed along a NE-SW line, with Gunung Suket and Gunung Gadung stratovolcanoes being located to the NE and W, respectively.