Report on Karymsky (Russia) — 4 December-10 December 2002
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
4 December-10 December 2002
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 4 December-10 December 2002. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity remained above background levels at Karymsky during 29 November to 6 December, with 200-300 shallow events recorded per day. The character of seismicity indicated that ash-and-gas explosions reached heights of ~1 km above the volcano, and 5- to 10-minute-long vigorous gas emissions possibly occurred. On 1 December an ash plume was seen rising ~500 m above the volcano, and the top of the volcano and its SE flank was covered with recent ashfall and debris from continuing Vulcanian/Strombolian eruptions. Karymsky remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Geological Summary. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.