Report on Augustine (United States) — 19 April-25 April 2006
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
19 April-25 April 2006
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Augustine (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 April-25 April 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
59.363°N, 153.43°W; summit elev. 1252 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Eruptive activity continued at Augustine during 14-21 April, with seismicity, rates of rockfall signals, and visual observations indicating continued lava effusion. On 17 and 18 April, a flurry of signals associated with avalanches occurred that were larger than those seen in the previous few weeks. Based on aerial observations on the 19th, it seemed that an active rockfall and avalanche chute had developed near the margin of the new lava flow/dome complex in the NW summit area. A blanket of ash related to recent rockfalls in this area was visible on the volcano's SW flank. Augustine remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Geological Summary. Augustine volcano, rising above Kamishak Bay in the southern Cook Inlet about 290 km SW of Anchorage, is the most active volcano of the eastern Aleutian arc. It consists of a complex of overlapping summit lava domes surrounded by an apron of volcaniclastic debris that descends to the sea on all sides. Few lava flows are exposed; the flanks consist mainly of debris-avalanche and pyroclastic-flow deposits formed by repeated collapse and regrowth of the summit. The latest episode of edifice collapse occurred during Augustine's largest historical eruption in 1883; subsequent dome growth has restored the volcano to a height comparable to that prior to 1883. The oldest dated volcanic rocks on Augustine are more than 40,000 years old. At least 11 large debris avalanches have reached the sea during the past 1,800-2,000 years, and five major pumiceous tephras have been erupted during this interval. Historical eruptions have typically consisted of explosive activity with emplacement of pumiceous pyroclastic-flow deposits followed by lava dome extrusion with associated block-and-ash flows.