Report on Shishaldin (United States) — 6 August-12 August 2014
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
6 August-12 August 2014
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2014. Report on Shishaldin (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 6 August-12 August 2014. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
54.756°N, 163.97°W; summit elev. 2857 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that during 6-12 August low-level eruptive activity continued at Shishaldin volcano. Web camera and satellite images showed the volcano was mostly cloudy over the past week, but intermittent web camera views showed a steam plume above the summit. On 9-10 August sound waves were detected from the direction of Shishaldin on infrasound sensors in Dillingham, consistent with the low-level activity. On 10 August an area of hot, glowing material was observed in the crater during an overflight of the Shishaldin summit. On 11 August elevated surface temperatures were observed in the summit crater. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Geological Summary. The symmetrical glacier-covered Shishaldin is the highest and one of the most active volcanoes of the Aleutian Islands. It is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes in the eastern half of Unimak Island. The Aleuts named the volcano Sisquk, meaning "mountain which points the way when I am lost." Constructed atop an older glacially dissected edifice, it is largely basaltic in composition. Remnants of an older ancestral volcano are exposed on the W and NE sides at 1,500-1,800 m elevation. There are over two dozen pyroclastic cones on its NW flank, which is blanketed by massive aa lava flows. Frequent explosive activity, primarily consisting of Strombolian ash eruptions from the small summit crater, but sometimes producing lava flows, has been recorded since the 18th century. A steam plume often rises from the summit crater.