Report on Kuchinoerabujima (Japan) — 27 July-2 August 2022
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
27 July-2 August 2022
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2022. Report on Kuchinoerabujima (Japan). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 July-2 August 2022. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
30.443°N, 130.217°E; summit elev. 657 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
JMA reported that the number of volcanic earthquakes with hypocenters near Kuchinoerabujima’s crater began increasing around 1000 on 30 July and remained elevated. The Alert level was raised to 2 (on a scale of 1-5) on 31 July. Around 40 volcanic earthquakes were recorded by 1500 on 1 August. JMA noted that daily emissions of sulfur dioxide gas remained low, with a rate less than 50 tons per day. No deformation was detected.
Geological Summary. A group of young stratovolcanoes forms the eastern end of the irregularly shaped island of Kuchinoerabujima in the northern Ryukyu Islands, 15 km W of Yakushima. The Furudake, Shindake, and Noikeyama cones were erupted from south to north, respectively, forming a composite cone with multiple craters. All historical eruptions have occurred from Shindake, although a lava flow from the S flank of Furudake that reached the coast has a very fresh morphology. Frequent explosive eruptions have taken place from Shindake since 1840; the largest of these was in December 1933. Several villages on the 4 x 12 km island are located within a few kilometers of the active crater and have suffered damage from eruptions.