Activity for the week of 18 June-24 June 2003
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
| Mariana Islands (USA)
| 16.35°N, 145.67°E
| Elevation 790 m
The eruption that began at Anatahan on 10 May continued through 24 June, with the emission of low-level steam-and-ash plumes. On 16 June at 1613 US Geological Survey and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) personnel saw emissions intensify from mainly low-level steam to a more ash-laden plume that rose to a height of ~2.5 km a.s.l. At this time the seismic amplitude increased from small to large. After 16 June only low-amplitude tremor was recorded by the seismic station on the island. According to the Washington VAAC, ash plumes were occasionally visible on satellite imagery at heights around 2.5 km a.s.l.
Sources: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program, Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Paramushir Island (Russia)
| 50.324°N, 155.461°E
| Elevation 1781 m
Volcanism continued at moderate levels at Chikurachki through 18 June. On 15 and 16 June steady ash plumes were observed that were bent down the volcano's flanks by strong winds. Chikurachki remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| 19.514°N, 103.62°W
| Elevation 3850 m
During June at Colima, incandescence was visible during some evenings. Tremor associated with emissions was relatively low and no significant deformation was detected. The 6.5-km-radius exclusion zone around Colima remained in effect, with other restrictions to access extending 11.5 km from the volcano's summit.
Source: Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia - Universidad de Colima
| Halmahera (Indonesia)
| 1.693°N, 127.894°E
| Elevation 1229 m
Ash emissions continued at Dukono during 18-24 June. On 21 June an ash plume was visible on satellite imagery at a height of about 3 km a.s.l. drifting NE.
Sources: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), News.com.au - News Limited
| 10.412°N, 123.132°E
| Elevation 2435 m
On 17 and 18 June multiple small emissions occurred at Canlaon. On the 17th and on the morning of the18th ash-and-steam plumes rose to a maximum height of ~400 m above the volcano and drifted NE. On the afternoon of the 18th plumes drifted SE. Low-frequency volcanic earthquakes were recorded prior to the eruptions. Canlaon remained at Alert Level 1 (on a scale of 0-5), with a 4-km-radius Permanent Danger Zone.
Sources: ABS-CBN News, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), SunStar News
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 18-24 June at Kilauea, lava continued to weakly enter the sea at the Highcastle entry and surface lava flows were occasionally visible on the coastal flat and upslope on the Pulama pali fault scarp. Seismicity continued at moderate levels at Kilauea's summit, with many, small, low-frequency earthquakes continuing to occur at shallow depths at a rate of about 1-2 per minute. Volcanic tremor at Pu`u `O`o remained at moderate-to-high levels, as is the norm. Small periods of inflation and deflation occurred during the report week.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.056°N, 160.642°E
| Elevation 4754 m
Seismicity was above background levels at Kliuchevskoi during 13-20 June, with the level of spasmodic tremor remaining near the level of the previous week. Earthquakes continued to be registered at depths around 30 km and at shallower levels. The character of seismicity indicated that weak gas-and-ash explosions possibly occurred. On 14,16, and 17 June explosions produced ash-poor plumes 50-500 m above the volcano. Kliuchevskoi remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
During 18-24 June, moderate emissions of mainly gas and steam, and sometimes ash, occurred at Popocatépetl. In addition, isolated episodes of low-amplitude harmonic tremor were occasionally recorded. One of the more significant emissions, on 20 June at 0636, produced an ash-and-steam plume to a height of ~2 km above the volcano. Ash plumes were occasionally visible on satellite imagery.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 4.271°S, 152.203°E
| Elevation 688 m
On 21 June a low-level plume from Rabaul was visible on satellite imagery extending ~11 km NW of the summit.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
Volcanic and seismic activity remained at low levels during 13-20 June. Small rockfalls and sporadic pyroclastic flows traveled down the E and N flanks of the lava dome into the Tar River Valley, White's Ghaut, and the top of Tuitt's Ghaut. Sulfur-dioxide emission rates were relatively low during the first half of the report period, increasing slightly during the middle of the week.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
Explosions continued to occur at Tungurahua during 17-24 June. During the evening of 17 June, Strombolian activity was visible at the volcano's summit. An explosion on 18 June at 0222 deposited ash in the sectors of Cusúa, Juive, and Pillate. On 19 June IG observed ash to a height of ~3 km above the volcano. During much of the week gas emissions with small amounts of ash occurred.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 5.05°S, 151.33°E
| Elevation 2334 m
On 19 and 20 June faint ash plumes from Ulawun were visible on satellite imagery.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.