Logo link to homepage

Current Eruptions

Although detailed statistics are not kept on daily activity, generally there are around 20 volcanoes actively erupting at any particular time. The Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR) for the week ending on 23 April 2019 includes the 16 volcanoes bolded and shown below in the WVAR column (rollover for report).

Overall there are 47 volcanoes with ongoing eruptions as of the Stop Dates indicated, and as reported through the last data update (12 April 2019), sorted with the most recently started eruption at the top. Information about more recently started eruptions can be found in the Weekly Report linked above.

An eruption marked as "continuing" does not always mean that the activity is continuous or happening today, but that there have been at least some intermittent eruptive events at that volcano without a break of at least 3 months since it started. An eruption listed here also might have ended since the last public data update, or at the update time a firm end date had not yet been determined due to potential renewed activity.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI WVAR
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2019 Apr 9 2019 Apr 10 (continuing) Yes
Tengger Caldera Indonesia 2019 Feb 18 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2 Yes
Karymsky Russia 2019 Feb 16 2019 Mar 31 (continuing) Yes
Poas Costa Rica 2019 Feb 7 2019 Apr 10 (continuing)
Planchon-Peteroa Chile 2018 Dec 16 2019 Feb 13 (continuing) 1
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 2018 Oct 21 2019 Feb 5 (continuing) 3
Barren Island India 2018 Sep 25 2019 Apr 11 (continuing) 1
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2018 Jul 28 2019 Apr 4 (continuing) 1
Krakatau Indonesia 2018 Jun 18 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Merapi Indonesia 2018 May 11 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Kerinci Indonesia 2018 Apr 21 2019 Apr 3 (continuing) 1
Mayon Philippines 2018 Jan 13 2019 Mar 19 (continuing) 2
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Agung Indonesia 2017 Nov 21 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Ambae Vanuatu 2017 Sep 6 (?) 2019 Apr 9 (continuing) 3
Sangeang Api Indonesia 2017 Jul 15 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2019 Mar 25 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1 Yes
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2 Yes
Saunders United Kingdom 2016 Sep 28 2019 Jan 1 (continuing) 1
Cleveland United States 2016 Apr 16 2019 Feb 24 (continuing) 2
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1
Turrialba Costa Rica 2015 Mar 8 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2019 Apr 10 (continuing) 3 Yes
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2019 Feb 5 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 1 Yes
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2019 Mar 22 (continuing) 2
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2019 Apr 11 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2019 Feb 22 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 4 Yes
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 2
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 0
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2019 Apr 9 (continuing) 2 Yes
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3 Yes
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2019 Apr 12 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2019 Apr 9 (continuing) 3
Report for Stromboli
INGV reported that during 15-21 April activity at Stromboli was characterized by ongoing Strombolian activity and degassing from multiple vents within the crater terrace, though activity intensified on 19 April. Explosions originated at a rate of 3-16 per hour mainly from two vents (N1 and N2) in Area N (north crater area, NCA) and at least four vents (including C, S1, and S2) in Area C-S (South Central crater area). Explosions from the N1 vent ejected lapilli and bombs mixed with ash no more than 150 m high. Low-intensity explosions at the N2 vent ejected tephra to heights under 80 m. Vent C produced gas emissions. Incandescent material from S1 jetted as high as 150 m above the crater. Explosions from two vents at S2 ejected tephra more than 150 m high.
Report for Ambrym
On 24 April the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-Hazards Department (VMGD) reported ongoing seismic activity at Ambrym and steam emissions. The lava lakes in Benbow and Marum craters had ceased to be active on 16 December 2018, one day after a fissure eruption began in the ESE part of the summit caldera near the Lewlembwi crater, and continued to be inactive. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-5); the report reminded the public to stay outside of the Permanent Danger Zone defined as a 1-km radius from Benbow Crater and a 2-km radius from Marum Crater. An additional Danger Zone was defined as a 1-km radius around the December 2018 fissures.
Report for Krakatau
PVMBG reported that there were four eruptive events during 15-22 April and multiple events on 23 April recorded by Anak Krakatau’s seismic network, though no emissions were visible. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and residents were warned to remain outside of the 2-km radius hazard zone from the crater.
Report for Merapi
PVMBG reported that during 15-21 April the lava dome at Merapi continued to grow slowly, with any extruded material channeled into the SE-flank Gendol River drainage. White emissions rose 70 m. Block-and-ash flows traveled as far as 1.5 km in the Gendol drainage on 21 April. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and residents were warned to remain outside of the 3-km exclusion zone.
Report for Semeru
Based on analysis of satellite images, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 19 April an ash plume from Semeru rose to an altitude of 4 km (13,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.
Report for Tengger Caldera
The Darwin VAAC reported that on 17 April ash plumes from Tengger Caldera’s Bromo cone rose to an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W, based on webcam images and satellite data. On 21 April BNPB stated that ash emissions had been observed almost daily, and that tremor was recorded continuously. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and visitors were warned to stay outside of a 1-km radius of the crater.
Report for Agung
PVMBG reported two explosive eruptions at Agung on 21 April. The first was recorded at 0321 and produced a dense gray ash plume that rose 2 km above the crater rim and drifted W and S. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including Besakih (7 km SW), Rendang (12 km NW), Klungkung (~40 km S), Gianyar (20 km WSW), Bangli (17 km WNW), Tabanan (51 km WSW), and the International Gusti Ngurah Rai (IGNR) airport (60 km SW) in Denpasar. The second event was recorded at 1856 and generated a dense ash plume that rose 3 km and drifted S. Minor ashfall was reported in Besakih, Rendang, Sebudi (6 km SW), and Selat (12 km SSW). The eruptions were accompanied by a boom heard at both the Rendang and Batulompeh observation posts. Ejected incandescent material from the two events fell on the flanks in all directions within a radius of 4 km. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4) with the exclusion zone set at a 4-km radius.
Report for Dukono
Based on satellite and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 17-23 April ash plumes from Dukono rose as high as 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and visitors were warned to remain outside of the 2-km exclusion zone.
Report for Ibu
The Darwin VAAC reported that on 18 April an ash plume from Ibu was identified in satellite images drifting E at an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay at least 2 km away from the active crater, and 3.5 km away on the N side.
Report for Aira
JMA reported that the sulfur dioxide emission rate at Minamidake crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) was somewhat high on 16 April at 1,600 tons/day. An explosion on 17 April generated a plume that rose 2 km above the crater rim and ejected material as far as 900 m. During 19-22 April plumes from two events rose as high as 1.4 km. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Report for Asosan
JMA reported that during 17-19 April white plumes from Asosan’s Nakadake Crater rose 1 km above the crater rim. A very small eruption was recorded at 0824 on 19 April, producing a plume that rose 500 m above the crater rim and drifted S. During an overflight that same day scientists observed a pool of hot water on part of the crater floor and a weak volcanic gas odor. According to the Tokyo VAAC a plume rose 500 m and drifted E at 1842. A weak volcanic gas odor was also evident. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-5).
Report for Ebeko
Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 12-15 April that sent ash plumes up to 3.2 km (10,500 ft) a.s.l. A thermal anomaly was identified in satellite images on 13 April. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Karymsky
KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Karymsky was visible in satellite images during 13-14 April. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Klyuchevskoy
KVERT reported that at 0921 and 1155 on 22 April ash plumes from Klyuchevskoy rose to altitudes of 5-5.5 km (16,400-18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 130-140 km E, based on satellite and webcam data. KVERT noted that the ash content in the plumes had significantly increased compared to emissions first observed on 9 April. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch’s lava dome was identified daily in satellite images during 12-18 April. Ash plumes were visible on 13 and 15 April drifting 83 km SE. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Fuego
INSIVUMEH reported that on 18 April steaming hot lahars descended Fuego’s Ceniza (SSW) and Taniluyá (SW) drainages, carrying variously-sized material including blocks up to 2 m in diameter. The lahars were 1 m deep, 15 m wide, and had a sulfur odor. During 20-23 April there were 17-22 explosions per hour, generating ash plumes that rose almost as high as 1.1 km and drifted 15-20 km S, SW, and W. Shock waves vibrated local structures. Incandescent material was ejected 300-450 m high and caused avalanches of material that occasionally traveled long distances down Seca, Taniluyá, Ceniza, Trinidad, Las Lajas, and Honda ravines. A lava flow, 600 m long, advanced in the Seca drainage. Ashfall was reported in reported in Yepocapa (8 km N), Morelia (9 km SW), Santa Sofia (12 km SW), Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW), and Panimache (8 km SW).