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Current Eruptions

Although detailed statistics are not kept on daily activity, generally there are around 20 volcanoes actively erupting at any particular time. The Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR) for the week ending on 16 October 2018 includes the 20 volcanoes bolded and shown below in the WVAR column (rollover for report).

Overall there are 40 volcanoes with ongoing eruptions as of the Stop Dates indicated, and as reported through the last data update (27 September 2018), sorted with the most recently started eruption at the top. Information about more recently started eruptions can be found in the Weekly Report linked above.

An eruption marked as "continuing" does not always mean that the activity is continuous or happening today, but that there have been at least some intermittent eruptive events at that volcano without a break of at least 3 months since it started. An eruption listed here also might have ended since the last public data update, or at the update time a firm end date had not yet been determined due to potential renewed activity.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI WVAR
Sarychev Peak Russia 2018 Sep 12 ± 1 days 2018 Sep 21 (continuing) 2 Yes
Veniaminof United States 2018 Sep 4 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 1 Yes
Sangay Ecuador 2018 Aug 8 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Krakatau Indonesia 2018 Jun 18 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 1
Merapi Indonesia 2018 May 11 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3 Yes
Karymsky Russia 2018 Apr 28 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Piton de la Fournaise France 2018 Apr 3 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 0 Yes
Mayon Philippines 2018 Jan 13 2018 Sep 26 (continuing) 2
Agung Indonesia 2017 Nov 21 2018 Sep 24 (continuing) 3
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2018 Aug 12 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 1 Yes
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3 Yes
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2 Yes
Saunders United Kingdom 2016 Sep 28 2018 Sep 23 (continuing) 1
Cleveland United States 2016 Apr 16 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2018 Sep 26 (continuing) 1
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 1 Yes
Turrialba Costa Rica 2015 Mar 8 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2 Yes
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2018 Sep 25 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2 Yes
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2018 Sep 24 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2018 Sep 26 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Ambrym Vanuatu 2008 May 23 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3 Yes
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2018 Sep 21 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 4 Yes
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2018 Sep 25 (continuing) 2
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 0
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3 Yes
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Sep 27 (continuing) 3
Report for Piton de la Fournaise
OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise continued during 10-16 October, though webcam images indicated that the lava-flow front had not significantly progressed since 8 October. The lava lake in the cone was at a low level. Strong gas emissions rose from the main vent as well as from the lava tube, just downstream from the vent.
Report for Kadovar
Based on satellite data and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 10-12 October ash plumes from Kadovar rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW and W.
Report for Manam
RVO reported that during 2-12 October brown, gray-brown, and dark gray ash emissions rose as high as 1 km above Manam’s Southern Crater rim and drifted NW. Main Crater produced occasional white emissions, though on 2 October plumes were gray-brown and contained ash. Bluish vapor was noted during 3-4 October.
Report for Ulawun
RVO reported that during 1-12 October white and sometimes light gray emissions rose from Ulawun’s summit crater. Seismicity was low.
Report for Merapi
PVMBG reported that during 5-11 October the lava dome in Merapi’s summit crater grew slowly at a rate of 3,100 cubic meters per day, though faster than the previous week. By 11 October the volume of the dome was an estimated 160,000 cubic meters. White emissions of variable density rose a maximum of 75 m above the summit. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and residents were warned to remain outside of the 3-km exclusion zone.
Report for Sangeang Api
Based on a VONA from PVMBG an ash emission from Sangeang Api was generated at 1338 on 15 October; it rose 250 m above the summit and drifted SW, W, and NW. The VONA noted that the ash emission possibly rose higher than what a ground observer had estimated. Seismic data was dominated by signals indicating emissions as well as local tectonic earthquakes. The Aviation Color Code was changed from Yellow to Orange.
Report for Soputan
On 16 October PVMBG issued a VONA noting only white emissions at Soputan; the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow.
Report for Dukono
Based on satellite data, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 10-12 October ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 1.5-2.1 km (5,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and SW.
Report for Gamalama
On 10 October PVMBG reported only gas emissions (mostly water vapor) from Gamalama; the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4); visitors and residents were warned not to approach the crater within a 1.5-km radius.
Report for Aira
JMA reported occasional, very small events at Minamidake crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 9-15 October. Sulfur dioxide emissions decreased from 3,400 tons/day on 4 October to 600 tons/day on 10 October. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Report for Sarychev Peak
Based on Tokyo VAAC data and satellite images, KVERT reported that at 1330 on 10 October an ash plume from Sarychev Peak rose to 1.7-2 km (5,600-6,600 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 95 km E. SVERT reported that on 15 October an ash plume rose 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 65-70 km E. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Report for Ebeko
Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 5-12 October that sent ash plumes to 4.5 km (14,800 ft) a.s.l. Satellite images showed ash plumes drifting about 125 km SE on 5 and 8 October, and a thermal anomaly over the volcano on 8 October. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Sheveluch
KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite data during 8-10 October; weather clouds prevented views on the other days during 5-12 October. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Report for Semisopochnoi
On 11 October AVO reported that satellite data of Semisopochnoi indicated partial erosion of a tephra cone in the crater of Cerberus’s N cone. A crater lake about 90 m in diameter filled the vent. The data also suggested that the vent had not erupted since 1 October. Seismicity remained elevated and above background levels. The next day AVO lowered the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory, noting the recent satellite data results and lack of tremor recorded during the previous week.
Report for Veniaminof
AVO reported that the eruption at Veniaminof continued during 10-16 October, as evidenced by elevated surface temperatures in satellite data, and low-level continuous tremor. Satellite data indicated that the E part of the S-flank flow field remained active. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Report for Fuego
INSIVUMEH and CONRED reported that on 12 October a new phase of activity began at Fuego, characterized by lava fountains rising as high as 400 m above the crater rim, avalanches of incandescent material down the W and SSW flanks, increased rumbling, and a lava flow traveling 1 km down the Santa Teresa (W) drainage. Very frequent explosions generated ash plumes that rose 850 m and drifted 12 km S and SE. On 13 October a steaming lahar descended the Ceniza (SSW) drainage, carrying blocks up to 2 m in diameter, and branches and tree trunks. During 13-16 October explosions (8-18 per hour) produced ash plumes that rose almost 1 km and drifted 8-12 km S, SW, and W. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW), Finca Palo Verde, and Panimaché I and II (8 km SW). Incandescent material was ejected 150-200 m high, causing avalanches of material within the crater, though some of the avalanches traveled long distances, reaching vegetated areas. The lava flow on the W flank was still visible but by 14 October no longer active.
Report for Pacaya
INSIVUMEH reported that during 11-15 October Strombolian explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney Crater ejected material as high as 25 m above the crater rim, and gas plumes rose 200-700 m. A lava flow that first emerged on 11 October traveled NW towards Cerro Chino, and by 15 October was 250 m long.
Report for Turrialba
OVSICORI-UNA reported that most days during 10-16 October intermittent, passive gas-and-ash emissions at Turrialba rose as high as 1 km above the crater rim. The emissions drifted W, SW, S, and NE. There were also some explosive events; an energetic explosion was recorded at 1712 on 14 October, though cloudy weather prevented estimates of a plume height.
Report for Cuicocha
IG reported that, after an earthquake swarm consisting of 62 volcano-tectonic events during 2-3 October, seismicity at Cuicocha returned to background levels on 4 October. Carbon dioxide levels were normal, and deformation data did not show any anomalies.
Report for Sabancaya
Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosions at Sabancaya averaged 17 per day during 8-14 October. Hybrid earthquakes were infrequent and of low magnitude. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 2.5 km above the crater rim and drifted 30 km NE, E, SE, and SW. The MIROVA system detected six thermal anomalies, and on 14 October the sulfur dioxide gas flux was high at 3,132 tons per day. The report noted that the public should not approach the crater within a 12-km radius.