Activity for the week of 9 August-15 August 2017
- Info & Contacts
Activity for the week of 9 August-15 August 2017
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
|Piton de la Fournaise||Reunion Island (France)||New|
|Ulawun||New Britain (Papua New Guinea)||New|
|Bagana||Bougainville (Papua New Guinea)||Ongoing|
|Bezymianny||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Bogoslof||Fox Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|Cleveland||Chuginadak Island (USA)||Ongoing|
|Karymsky||Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Kilauea||Hawaiian Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|Klyuchevskoy||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Langila||New Britain (Papua New Guinea)||Ongoing|
|Manam||Papua New Guinea||Ongoing|
|Nevado del Ruiz||Colombia||Ongoing|
|Sheveluch||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
Kerinci | Indonesia | 1.697°S, 101.264°E | Elevation 3800 m
Based on satellite data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 13 August an ash plume from Kerinci rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted WSW. Plumes drifted almost 30 km on 17 November.
Pacaya | Guatemala | 14.382°N, 90.601°W | Elevation 2569 m
On 12 August INSIVUMEH reported that Strombolian explosions at Pacaya’s Mackenney cone were observed. During 12-13 August the number of Strombolian explosions increased to a rate of 5-7 per hour, and ejected incandescent material was mainly visible at night. Explosions vibrated structures in communities within a 5-km radius. Activity continued at a similar level on 15 August.
Piton de la Fournaise | Reunion Island (France) | 21.244°S, 55.708°E | Elevation 2632 m
OVPF reported that the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise that began on 14 July continued through 15 August. Weather clouds often prevented visual confirmation of activity, though observers periodically noted that small amounts of material were ejected from a small vent on the N flank of the eruptive vent. Some active pahoehoe flows were visible at a distance of 2 km from the cone, though most of the flow activity was confined to lava tubes.
Sangay | Ecuador | 2.005°S, 78.341°W | Elevation 5286 m
Based on information from the Guayaquil MWO, the Washington VAAC reported that on 12 August an emission from Sangay rose to altitudes of 6.1-6.4 km (20,000-21,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW and NW. Ash in the emission was not detected in satellite data. On 13 August satellite data showed a well-defined thermal anomaly over the volcano, and an ash plume drifting 55 km SW.
Sangeang Api | Indonesia | 8.2°S, 119.07°E | Elevation 1949 m
Ulawun | New Britain (Papua New Guinea) | 5.05°S, 151.33°E | Elevation 2334 m
Aira | Kyushu (Japan) | 31.593°N, 130.657°E | Elevation 1117 m
JMA reported 44 events at Showa Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 10-14 August, one of which was explosive. Material was ejected as high as 500 m and as far as 300 m. Ash plumes rose as high as 1.8 km above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Bagana | Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) | 6.137°S, 155.196°E | Elevation 1855 m
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 9-10 and 13 August ash plumes from Bagana rose to an altitude of 2.4 km (8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and NW. Plumes drifted 120 km W on 13 August.
Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 55.972°N, 160.595°E | Elevation 2882 m
KVERT reported that during 4-11 August a daily thermal anomaly was identified over Bezymianny in satellite images. A lava flow continued to flow down the W flank of the dome; incandescence from the dome was visible at night. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Bogoslof | Fox Islands (USA) | 53.93°N, 168.03°W | Elevation 150 m
AVO reported that on 9 August seismic and infrasound data suggested low-level eruptive activity at Bogoslof; weakly elevated surface temperatures and a minor steam emission were identified in satellite images. No significant activity was observed in cloudy satellite images, and no activity was detected in seismic, infrasound, or lightning data during 10-13 August. Two short pulses of tremor were detected (at 0853, lasting five minutes, and at 0913, lasting three minutes) in seismic data; seismicity returned to baseline levels afterwards. A sequence of seismic events began at 0000 on 15 August; no activity was observed in infrasound, lightning, or satellite data. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) | 52.825°N, 169.944°W | Elevation 1730 m
AVO reported that elevated surface temperatures at Cleveland were identified in satellite data during 9-15 August; weather clouds occasionally obscured views. No significant activity was observed in seismic and infrasound data. On 11 August AVO noted that lava-dome growth had stopped or slowed, based on satellite observations. Steam emissions from the summit crater were occasionally visible in webcam images. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) | 1.693°N, 127.894°E | Elevation 1229 m
Based on analyses of satellite imagery, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 9-15 August ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW and W.
Fuego | Guatemala | 14.473°N, 90.88°W | Elevation 3763 m
CONRED reported that during 8-9 August the lava flow that had descended Fuego’s Ceniza (SSW) drainage was still active, producing avalanches of material and emissions. Explosions generated ash plumes that rose 650 m above the crater. According to INSIVUMEH ash plumes from explosions during 11-12 and 14-15 August rose 650-850 m and drifted 7-8 km W and SW. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including in Panimache (8 km SW), Morelia (9 km SW), Santa Sofía (12 km SW), El Porvenir (8 km ENE), Yepocapa, and Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW). Incandescent material was ejected 100-150 m above the crater rim, and caused avalanches of material that traveled down multiple ravines.
Ibu | Halmahera (Indonesia) | 1.488°N, 127.63°E | Elevation 1325 m
Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | 54.049°N, 159.443°E | Elevation 1513 m
A thermal anomaly over Karymsky was identified in satellite images during 4 and 6-10 August, as well as ash plumes drifting about 70 km NE and SW during 4 and 7-9 August. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) | 19.421°N, 155.287°W | Elevation 1222 m
During 9-15 August HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise, fall, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook crater. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu'u 'O'o Crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu'u 'O'o Crater's E flank, continued to enter the ocean at Kamokuna. Slumping of seaward portions of the delta continued, and cracks running parallel to the coastline continued to widen. HVO warned of the potential for larger-scale delta collapses.
Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 56.056°N, 160.642°E | Elevation 4754 m
KVERT reported that ash plumes from Klyuchevskoy were identified in satellite images drifting 300 km SW, SE, and NE during 4 and 7-11 August. A thermal anomaly was identified on 4 and 7 August. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Langila | New Britain (Papua New Guinea) | 5.525°S, 148.42°E | Elevation 1330 m
Manam | Papua New Guinea | 4.08°S, 145.037°E | Elevation 1807 m
Nevado del Ruiz | Colombia | 4.892°N, 75.324°W | Elevation 5279 m
Servicio Geológico Colombiano’s (SGC) Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Manizales reported that during 8-14 August seismicity at Nevado del Ruiz continued to indicate unrest; seismicity decreased as compared to the previous week. Plumes of water vapor and gas continued to be emitted from the volcano. A gas-and-steam plume rose 450 m above the crater rim on 8 August and drifted NW. A thermal anomaly was identified on 14 August. The Alert Level remained at III (Yellow; the second lowest level on a four-color scale).
Poas | Costa Rica | 10.2°N, 84.233°W | Elevation 2708 m
OVSICORI-UNA reported that during 11-14 August seismicity at Poás was characterized by low-amplitude tremor, some volcano-tectonic earthquakes, and high-frequency signals indicating gas emissions. Weather clouds mostly prevented visual observations.
Popocatepetl | Mexico | 19.023°N, 98.622°W | Elevation 5426 m
Each day during 9-13 and 15 August CENAPRED reported 97-355 and steam and gas emissions from Popocatépetl; the daily count increased to 702 on 14 June. Crater incandescence was visible on some nights. A small explosion at 0815 on 14 August produced a plume with low ash content that rose 500 m above the crater rim and drifted SW. Explosions at 1759 and 1805 generated ash plumes that rose 0.8 and 1.5 km, respectively, and drifted W. On 15 August an explosion produced an ash plume that rose 1 km and drifted WNW. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, Phase Two.
Reventador | Ecuador | 0.077°S, 77.656°W | Elevation 3562 m
During 9-15 August IG reported a high level of seismic activity including explosions, long-period earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and signals indicating emissions at Reventador. Steam, gas, and ash plumes rose as high as 550 m above the crater rim and drifted mainly W and SW. Incandescent blocks rolled as far as 800 m down the flanks. During 10-12 August pyroclastic flows traveled as far as 600 m down the ESE and W flanks. Weather clouds sometimes prevented visual observations.
Sabancaya | Peru | 15.787°S, 71.857°W | Elevation 5960 m
Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya decreased compared to the previous week; there was an average of 49 explosions recorded per day during 7-13 August. The earthquakes were dominated by long-period signals, with fewer numbers of hybrid and tremor events recorded. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 3.2 km above the crater rim and drifted no more than 40 km NE and E. Sulfur dioxide flux was as high as 912 tons per day, recorded on 8 August. The MIROVA system detected 12 thermal anomalies. The report reminded the public not to approach the crater within a 12-km radius.
Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 56.653°N, 161.36°E | Elevation 3283 m
KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly was identified daily in satellite images over Sheveluch during 4-11 August. Strong explosions on 8 August produced a large ash cloud (300 x 400 km in size) that rose as high as 10 km (32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted more than 550 km SSE during 8-9 August. Ashfall was reported in Klyuchi Village (50 km SW) on 8 August. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Sinabung | Indonesia | 3.17°N, 98.392°E | Elevation 2460 m
Based on PVMBG ground observations, the Jakarta MWO, satellite images, and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 9-10 and 13 August ash plumes from Sinabung rose 3.4-5.2 km (11,000-17,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and ESE.
Turrialba | Costa Rica | 10.025°N, 83.767°W | Elevation 3340 m
OVSICORI-UNA reported that an event at Turrialba at 1607 on 9 August generated a plume that rose 200 m above the crater rim and drifted NW. The report noted that since 6 August a monitoring station in Coronado San José had been detecting the presence of ash in emissions. Sporadic and passive emissions of ash, water vapor, magmatic gases, and aerosols continued to be observed at least through 14 August.
Weekly Reports Archive
|Arenal||Grimsvotn||Manda Hararo||Seulawah Agam|
|Axial Seamount||Hekla||McDonald Islands||Sirung|
|Bagana||Home Reef||Metis Shoal||Sorikmarapi|
|Bamus||Hudson, Cerro||Miyakejima||Soufriere Hills|
|Banda Api||Huila, Nevado del||Momotombo||Soufrière St. Vincent|
|Bardarbunga||Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai||Monowai||South Sarigan Seamount|
|Barren Island||Ibu||Montagu Island||Spurr|
|Batur||Ijen||Moyorodake [Medvezhia]||St. Helens|
|Bristol Island||Ioto||Negro, Cerro||Sundoro|
|Cameroon||Kaba||NW Rota-1||Tair, Jebel at|
|Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia||Kambalny||Nyamuragira||Takawangha|
|Chiles-Cerro Negro||Kasatochi||Palena Volcanic Group||Tara, Batu|
|Chillan, Nevados de||Katla||Paluweh||Telica|
|Cotopaxi||Kick 'em Jenny||Poas||Toliman|
|Dieng Volcanic Complex||Klyuchevskoy||Raoul Island||Ulawun|
|Dukono||Kolokol Group||Rasshua||Unknown Source|
|Ekarma||Krummel-Garbuna-Welcker||Rincon de la Vieja||West Mata|
|Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]||Lamongan||Ruapehu||Zavodovski|
|Eyjafjallajokull||Langila||Ruiz, Nevado del||Zhupanovsky|
|Fonualei||Lengai, Ol Doinyo||Salak|
|Fournaise, Piton de la||Leroboleng||San Cristobal|
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
a.s.l. - above sea level
CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)
COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer
CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation
GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite
GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory
ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)
IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)
IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand)
INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)
INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)
INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)
INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)
INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)
IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)
M - magnitude
METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite
MWO - Meteorological Watch Office
NOTAM - Notice to Airmen
OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)
RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement
RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory
SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería (Chile)
SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information
SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)
SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Kurile Islands)
UTC - Coordinated Universal Time
VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center
VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)