Activity for the week of 23 July-29 July 2014
- Info & Contacts
Activity for the week of 23 July-29 July 2014
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
|Bezymianny||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||New|
|Karymsky||Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)||New|
|Kilauea||Hawaiian Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|San Miguel||El Salvador||Ongoing|
|Shishaldin||Fox Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|Shiveluch||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Zhupanovsky||Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 55.978°N, 160.587°E | Elevation 2882 m
KVERT reported that during 19-25 July weak seismicity and moderate fumerolic activity were observed at Bezymianny. Satellite data showed a thermal anomaly over the volcano all week. On 17 July the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow.
Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | 54.05°N, 159.45°E | Elevation 1536 m
KVERT reported weak to moderate seismic activity at Karymsky, indicating that Strombolian activity continued during 19-25 July. Satellite views were obscured by clouds or the imagery showed no activity. On 24 July the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow.
Tungurahua | Ecuador | 1.467°S, 78.442°W | Elevation 5023 m
During 23-27 July IG reported that Tungurahua had low levels of seismicity and cloudy conditions with small steam columns observed on 26 July. On 28 July the IG reported an increase in seismic activity and a small explosion with an ash plume that rose 1 km above the crater that moved NW. Ashfall was reported in the Chontapamba area. On 29 July seismicity was moderate and clouds obscured views of the volcano.
Ubinas | Peru | 16.355°S, 70.903°W | Elevation 5672 m
On 23 July the Buenos Aires VAAC reported a weak emission of light ash. During 23-25 July INGEMMET and IGP reported that seismicity at Ubinas has decreased. On 23-24 July mild gas-and-ash emissions rose 200-550 m above the summit and drifted E and NE. On 25 July there were no explosions, but minor gas and ash emissions drifted E.
Aira | Kyushu (Japan) | 31.593°N, 130.657°E | Elevation 1117 m
JMA reported three explosive eruptions from Showa Crater at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano on 22, 25, and 27 July that ejected ballistics 300-800 m away. In general, the eruptions were accompanied by volcanic earthquakes and increasing volcanic tremor. On 28 July a very small eruption cloud rose 200 m above Minami-Dake Crater. The Tokyo VAAC reported that on 23, 25, and 27 July plumes rose to an altitude of 1.5-2.5 km (5,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E and NE. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5).
Fuego | Guatemala | 14.473°N, 90.88°W | Elevation 3763 m
During 23-29 July INSIVUMEH reported moderate to strong explosions at Fuego, with incandescent blocks being expelled 100-200 m above the crater accompanied by moderate to dark gray ash 400-600 m above the crater that drifted NW, W, and SW. On most days avalanches moved down the flanks. Columns, described as containing ash on 24 and 28 July, rose 4-4.6 km (13,100-15,100 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 8-12 km NE, NW, W, and SW. A weak white fumarolic plume rose above Fuego’s summit crater on 27-28 July. During 26-27 July, rumbling was heard up to 15 km away. Ashfall was reported most days in nearby areas, including the Santa Teresa, Taniluya, Ceniza, and Trinidad drainages, and at the Observatory, Morelia, Hagia Sophia, Ingenio los Tarros, Panimaché, Santa Sofia, Yepocapa, and Finca La Conchita.
Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) | 19.421°N, 155.287°W | Elevation 1222 m
During 23-29 July HVO reported that the circulating lava lake occasionally rose and fell in the deep pit within Kilauea's Halema`uma`u Crater. Gas emissions remained elevated. The plume from the vent continued to deposit variable amounts of ash, spatter, and Pele's hair onto nearby areas; smaller particles may have been dropped several kilometers away. On 24 July a small explosion triggered by rockfalls from the southeast crater wall sent spatter onto the closed tourist overlook at Halema`uma`u; small rockfalls also disturbed the lava lake surface on 27 July.
Lava flows fed from a vent on Pu`u `O`o's northeast flank continued to advance slowly NE as two lobes that reached 2.4 km from the vent on 25 July. Lava was at or near the surface within the four pits on the crater floor and a small lava flow erupted from the southern pit during the night of 25-26 July. On 28 July there were a few small collapses around the edge of Pu`u `O`o's crater.
Pacaya | Guatemala | 14.381°N, 90.601°W | Elevation 2552 m
Popocatépetl | Mexico | 19.023°N, 98.622°W | Elevation 5426 m
CENAPRED reported that during 23-29 July steam and gas emission rose 200-500 m above Popocatépetl’s crater and drifted NW, W, SW, and E. On 29 July, emissions were accompanied by 30 minutes of tremor. Slight nighttime incandescence was observed. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, Phase Two.
Reventador | Ecuador | 0.077°S, 77.656°W | Elevation 3562 m
IG reported moderate seismicity including explosions, long-period earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and tremor, though cloud cover mostly prevented observations of Reventador during 23-29 July. On 23 July IG reported that a column rose to 1 km above the crater and on 24 July reported strong roaring and a plume that drifted NW. On 27 July an emission was seen in satellite imagery.
San Miguel | El Salvador | 13.434°N, 88.269°W | Elevation 2130 m
SNET reported seismic activity at San Miguel during 23-29 July. On 24 July an ash cloud from a small explosion rose 400 m and drifted SW and deposited small amounts of ash in La Morita, Piedra Azul, and San Rafael East. Ash clouds from small explosions on 27-28 July deposited small amounts of ash to the SW in the La Morita Townships of La Piedrita and La Ceiba.
Santa María | Guatemala | 14.756°N, 91.552°W | Elevation 3772 m
INSIVUMEH reported that on most days during 23-29 July the active lava dome of Santiaguito was visibly degassing and generating plumes, noting an ash explosion on 26 July rising up to 3 km (9,800 ft) a.s.l. that drifted W. On 28 July thin ash columns rose 3.2 km (10,500 ft) a.s.l. that drifted SW. On most days, fumarolic columns reached 2.7-2.8 km (8,800-9,200 ft) a.s.l. that drifted SW and weak to strong avalanches flowed towards Canyon Nima River I.
Shishaldin | Fox Islands (USA) | 54.756°N, 163.97°W | Elevation 2857 m
AVO reported that during 23-29 July low-level eruptive activity continued at Shishaldin volcano. Elevated surface temperatures at the summit were detected daily from satellite data. On 26 July satellite and web camera images showed trace dustings of ash over fresh snow in the immediate vicinity of the crater. Web camera images showed short dark streaks of possible debris flow deposits extending from the summit crater on the southeast flank, possibly the result of the melting of snow and ice near the summit due to the increased temperatures in the vicinity of the crater. Web camera and satellite images were mostly obscured due to clouds other days. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Shiveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 56.653°N, 161.36°E | Elevation 3283 m
KVERT reported that during 19-26 July lava-dome extrusion onto Shiveluch’s SE flank was accompanied by moderate ash explosions, incandescence of the dome summit, hot avalanches, and fumarolic activity. Satellite data showed a thermal anomaly over the volcano, but satellite images were obscured by clouds or showed the volcano was quiet over the past week. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Zhupanovsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | 53.59°N, 159.147°E | Elevation 2958 m
KVERT reported that during 19-25 July the moderate explosive eruption continued at Zhupanovsky. On 18 and 21 July satellite data showed ash plumes that rose to 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. and extended about 30 and 70 km NE, respectively. A thermal anomaly was observed over the volcano on 19 and 21 July. Tokyo VAAC reported an ash plume on 27 July that rose to 8.5 km (28,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N.
Weekly Reports Archive
|Ambang||Garbuna Group||Lopevi||San Vicente|
|Antuco||Great Sitkin||Makushin||Santa Ana|
|Apoyeque||Guagua Pichincha||Manda Hararo||Sarigan|
|Azul, Cerro||Home Reef||Melimoyu||Sinabung|
|Bagana||Hudson, Cerro||Metis Shoal||Sirung|
|Balbi||Huila, Nevado del||Michael||Slamet|
|Bamus||Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai||Misti, El||Soputan|
|Bezymianny||Iliamna||Montagu Island||Soufrière Hills|
|Bulusan||Iliwerung||Moyorodake [Medvezhia]||Soufrière St. Vincent|
|Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia||Ioto||Negra, Sierra||Stromboli|
|Cereme||Izu-Torishima||Negro, Cerro||Sulu Range|
|Chachadake [Tiatia]||Kaba||Nightingale Island||Sumbing|
|Chikurachki||Karangetang [Api Siau]||NW Rota-1||Taal|
|Chillán, Nevados de||Karkar||Nyamuragira||Tair, Jebel at|
|Concepción||Katmai||Palena Volcanic Group||Tangkubanparahu|
|Descabezado Grande||Kick 'em Jenny||Pinatubo||Tofua|
|Dieng Volcanic Complex||Kikai||Planchón-Peteroa||Tokachidake|
|Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]||Kverkfjöll||Reventador||Villarrica|
|Eyjafjallajökull||Lamington||Rincón de la Vieja||West Mata|
|Fournaise, Piton de la||Láscar||Rotorua||Yasur|
|Fourpeaked||Lengai, Ol Doinyo||Ruang||Zealandia Bank|
|Fujisan||Lewotobi||Ruiz, Nevado del||Zubair Group|
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.
5. USGS Disclaimer Statement for this Website:
Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credit is requested. We strongly recommend that USGS data be acquired directly from a USGS server and not through other sources that may change the data in some way. While USGS makes every effort to provide accurate and complete information, various data such as names, telephone numbers, etc. may change prior to updating. USGS welcomes suggestions on how to improve our home page and correct errors. USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data.
Some of the documents on this server may contain live references (or pointers) to information created and maintained by other organizations. Please note that USGS does not control and cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness, or accuracy of these outside materials.
For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this website are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. Information may also be used for authorized law enforcement investigations. (Last modified September 21, 1999.)
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA
Contact: USGS Web Team
USGS Privacy Statement
RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
a.s.l. - above sea level
CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)
COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer
CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation
GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite
GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory
ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)
IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)
IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand)
INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)
INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)
INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)
INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)
INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)
IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)
M - magnitude
METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite
MWO - Meteorological Watch Office
NOTAM - Notice to Airmen
OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)
RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement
RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory
SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería (Chile)
SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information
SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)
SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Kurile Islands)
UTC - Coordinated Universal Time
VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center
VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)