Activity for the week of 25 June-1 July 2003
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Flores Island (Indonesia)
| 8.365°S, 122.833°E
| Elevation 1095 m
Based on information from an aircraft report, the Darwin VAAC reported that an ash plume from Leroboleng rose to ~1.8 km a.s.l. on 26 June. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery. Leroboleng has not erupted since the 19th century, and results from ground observations are pending.
Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)
| Mariana Islands (USA)
| 16.35°N, 145.67°E
| Elevation 790 m
The eruption that began at Anatahan on 10 May continued through 26 June, with fine ash emitted from the volcano's East Crater drifting W and SW. During 24-26 June, steam was primarily seen rising to low levels above the volcano, but there were periods when a more ash-laden plume rose to a maximum height of ~2 km above the volcano. The bottom of East Crater was obscured, so scientists could not determine if a lava dome was present. Several earthquakes near Anatahan were recorded during 24-26 June at both the Anatahan and Saipan stations. The largest earthquake occurred on 24 June with a magnitude of 4.9. During the report period, ash was sometimes visible on satellite imagery.
Sources: Emergency Management Office of the Commonwealth of the Mariana Islands and United States Geological Survey Volcano Hazards Program, Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Paramushir Island (Russia)
| 50.324°N, 155.461°E
| Elevation 1781 m
During 17-25 June, only gas-and-steam emissions were observed at Chikurachki. No signs of volcanic activity were seen on satellite imagery during 25-26 June, possibly marking a break in the eruption according to KVERT. The level of seismicity was unknown because Chikurachki is not monitored with seismic instruments. Chikurachki remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| Sicily (Italy)
| 37.748°N, 14.999°E
| Elevation 3295 m
As of 30 June strong degassing continued at Etna's Northeast Crater, and there were minor emissions at Bocca Nuova crater. A series of small, shallow earthquakes occurred on 26 June under Etna's E flank near the village of Fornazzo. These earthquakes are thought to be associated with an unstable section of the volcano that is slowly sliding eastward.
Source: Italy's Volcanoes
| 14.473°N, 90.88°W
| Elevation 3763 m
Based on information from INSIVUMEH, the Washington VAAC reported that a moderate eruption began at Fuego on 29 June at 1700. Lava flows were seen, and ash fell S and SW of the volcano. As of 30 June lava flows were still visible, an ash plume was W of the summit, and seismicity was at low levels. Both days a hot spot was visible on satellite imagery, but an ash cloud could not be distinguished from abundant meteorological clouds in the area.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 25-30 June at Kilauea, surface lava flows were occasionally visible on the coastal flat and upslope on the Pulama pali fault scarp, but diminished by 29 June. Seismicity continued at moderate levels at Kilauea's summit, with many small low-frequency earthquakes continuing at shallow depths at a rate of about 1-2 per minute. Volcanic tremor at Pu`u `O`o remained at moderate-to-high levels, as is the norm. Small periods of inflation and deflation occurred during the report week.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.056°N, 160.642°E
| Elevation 4754 m
Seismicity was above background levels at Kliuchevskoi during 20-27 June, with earthquakes occurring at depths around 30 km and at shallower levels. The character of seismicity indicated that weak gas-and-ash explosions possibly occurred. Spasmodic tremor was recorded the entire week. Gas-and-steam plumes rose 50-700 m above the volcano. On 23 June a thermal anomaly and possible ash deposits on the volcano's SE flank were seen on satellite imagery. Kliuchevskoi remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
Piton de la Fournaise
| Reunion Island (France)
| 21.244°S, 55.708°E
| Elevation 2632 m
After ceasing for a few days, eruptive activity recommenced at Piton de la Fournaise on 21 June around 2330. Tremor was sometimes recorded at Dolomieu crater and lava flows were emitted from the crater. Volcanism continued through at least 28 June.
Source: Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (OVPF)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
During 25 June to 1 July, moderate emissions of mainly gas, steam, and sometimes ash, occurred at Popocatépetl. On 28 June the number of emissions was higher than on other days, and the plumes had a higher ash content. Ash fell in towns SW of the volcano.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 4.271°S, 152.203°E
| Elevation 688 m
There was a noticeable decline in ash eruptions from Rabaul caldera's Tavurvur cone on 22 June through at least 30 June. Around the 19th, ash plumes drifted NW, depositing ash in Rabaul Town and nearby villages. On 19 and 21 June ash emissions occurred within several minutes of each other, but on the 22nd the interval became much longer with no ash emissions occuring for as long as an hour. Ash-laden plumes rose between several hundred and ~1,500 m above the summit. Seismicity decreased on the 22nd, with the occurance of fewer low-frequency earthquakes that are associated with eruptive activity. No significant changes in deformation were recorded.
Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
Volcanic and seismic activity at Soufrière Hills remained at low levels during 20-26 June, but increased on 27 June. There were no apparent changes at the summit region since it was last observed several weeks previously. During 20-25 June, rockfalls and sporadic pyroclastic flows occurred on the lava dome's E and N flanks and traveled into the Tar River Valley, and White's, Tuitt's, and Tyre's ghauts. Hybrid earthquake activity developed into a diffuse swarm on 22 and 23 June. Some of the larger hybrid earthquakes were located at depths of about 3 km beneath the lava dome. On 27 June activity was mainly confined to the northern flanks with numerous small pyroclastic flows into Tuitt's and Tyre's ghauts.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
Several ash-cloud producing explosions occurred at Tungurahua during 25 June to 1 July. On 25 June ash fell in the sector of Pillate and in the town of Mocha. According to the Washington VAAC, ash was visible on satellite imagery during the report week, with the highest rising ash cloud reaching ~9.4 km a.s.l. on 27 June. Emissions on 29 June deposited ash in Pillate, and in the towns of Cotaló and Cevallos.
Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.