Activity for the week of 10 June-16 June 2015
Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report
You are currently viewing Archived reports for the week of 10 June-16 June 2015.
You are currently viewing Archived reports for the week of 10 June-16 June 2015.
Activity for the week of 10 June-16 June 2015
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
|Barren Island||Andaman Islands (India)||New|
|Karymsky||Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Kilauea||Hawaiian Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|Papandayan||Western Java (Indonesia)||Ongoing|
|Sheveluch||Central Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
|Shishaldin||Fox Islands (USA)||Ongoing|
|Zhupanovsky||Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)||Ongoing|
Asamayama | Honshu (Japan) | 36.406°N, 138.523°E | Elevation 2568 m
On 16 June JMA reported that a small-scale eruption from Asama's summit crater generated ashfall to the NE within 4 km of the crater. Scientists aboard an overflight later that day observed gas venting of blue and white plumes. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-5).
Barren Island | Andaman Islands (India) | 12.278°N, 93.858°E | Elevation 354 m
Based on pilot observations, analysis of satellite imagery, and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 12-13 June ash plumes from Barren Island rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 25-55 km NE.
Concepcion | Nicaragua | 11.538°N, 85.622°W | Elevation 1700 m
INETER reported that gas explosions continued to be detected at Concepción; by 15 June a total of 1,984 explosions, 309 since 9 June, had been detected by the network since an unspecified date of increased activity.
Cotopaxi | Ecuador | 0.677°S, 78.436°W | Elevation 5911 m
On 11 June IG reported that seismicity at Cotopaxi continued to increase. Tremor began to be detected on 4 June, with periods ranging from 10 to 15 minutes. Amplitudes were highest during 5-6 June. Sulfur dioxide emissions continued to be elevated over baseline levels (which were less than 500 tons/day), detected at values greater than 2,500 tons/day. Low-energy, pulsating gas emissions began on 10 June, and Cotopaxi National Park staff reported an increase of water flow in some streams on the NE flank.
San Cristobal | Nicaragua | 12.702°N, 87.004°W | Elevation 1745 m
INETER reported that at 0907 on 12 June an explosion at San Cristóbal generated a gas-and-ash plume that rose 2 km and drifted SE. An explosion at 1835 produced a gas plume with low ash content; the height of the plume was unable to be determined due to inclement weather. INETER noted that seismicity remained at background levels. Seismic signals detected a lahar between 1850 and 1929; an observer reported that the small lahar descended the W and SW flanks.
Sinabung | Indonesia | 3.17°N, 98.392°E | Elevation 2460 m
BNPB reported that activity at Sinabung remained high. On 13 June six eruptions generated ash plumes that rose 1-2 km high and pyroclastic flows that traveled as far as 3 km SE. At 2140 about 200 people from Sukanalu village were ordered to evacuate. The report noted that 2,053 families (6,179 people) had been living in temporary shelters since June 2014. The Alert Level remained at 4 (on a scale of 1-4).
Aira | Kyushu (Japan) | 31.593°N, 130.657°E | Elevation 1117 m
JMA reported that incandescence from Showa Crater at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano was visible at night on 13 June. An explosion occurred at 1007 on 15 June but inclement weather prevented visual observations. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Bulusan | Luzon (Philippines) | 12.77°N, 124.05°E | Elevation 1565 m
PHIVOLCS reported that at 1102 on 16 June a 10-minute-long phreatic explosion from Bulusan generated a steam-and-ash plume that rose 1 km and drifted WSW. This event was accompanied by rumbling sounds reported by residents in Cogon, Irosin on the WSW flank. A second and smaller event occurred at 1120 and, based on seismicity, lasted for one minute. The Alert Level remained at 1, indicating abnormal conditions and a 4-km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ).
Colima | Mexico | 19.514°N, 103.62°W | Elevation 3850 m
Fuego | Guatemala | 14.473°N, 90.88°W | Elevation 3763 m
INSIVUMEH reported that at 1830 on 12 June the seismic stations at Fuego detected a lahar. At 1930 a lahar, 25 m wide and 2-3 m deep, traveled S down the Trinidad drainage, carrying abundant volcanic material and blocks 1-2 m in diameter. During 13-16 June explosions generated ash plumes that rose 550-850 m above the crater and drifted 10-12 km WNW, W, SW, and S. Shock waves were detected, and incandescent tephra was ejected 50 m above the crater. Ash fell in areas downwind including La Soledad, Acatenango, and Sacatepéquez.
Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | 54.049°N, 159.443°E | Elevation 1513 m
KVERT reported that explosive activity at Karymsky likely continued during 5-12 June. Satellite images detected a thermal anomaly during 6 and 8-10 June, and ash clouds that drifted as far as 50 km SE during 8-9 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Kerinci | Indonesia | 1.697°S, 101.264°E | Elevation 3800 m
PVMBG reported that during May-8 June 2015 white plumes from Kerinci rose 50-100 m and drifted E. Seismicity was dominated by signals indicating emissions (100-110 per day on average) as well as volcanic earthquakes (1 per day on average). The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Residents and visitors were advised not to enter an area within 3 km of the summit.
Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) | 19.421°N, 155.287°W | Elevation 1222 m
HVO reported that seismicity beneath Kilauea's summit, upper East Rift Zone, and Southwest Rift Zone was at background levels during 10-16 June. The lava lake continued to be active in the deep pit within the Overlook vent, vigorously spattering. The June 27th NE-trending lava flow continued to be active with surface flows within 8 km NE of Pu'u 'O'o.
Papandayan | Western Java (Indonesia) | 7.32°S, 107.73°E | Elevation 2665 m
PVMBG reported that during 1-11 June shallow volcanic earthquakes at Papandayan occurred at an average rate of 26 events/day. Visual monitoring occurred from the Pakuwon Village post; observers noted white plumes rising at most 50 m above the crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4); residents and tourists were reminded not to approach the craters within a 1-km radius.
Reventador | Ecuador | 0.077°S, 77.656°W | Elevation 3562 m
During 10-16 June IG reported moderate seismic activity including explosions, long-period earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and signals indicating emissions at Reventador; cloud cover sometimes prevented visual observations. On 10 June a steam-and-ash plume rose 1 km above the crater. On 12 June an ash plume rose 1 km and drifted SW. The lava flow on the SW flank was visible in thermal images. A steam-and-ash plume rose 1 km and drifted NW on 14 June, and a vapor-and-ash emission drifted W on 16 June.
Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) | 56.653°N, 161.36°E | Elevation 3283 m
KVERT reported that during 5-12 June lava-dome extrusion onto Sheveluch’s N flank was accompanied by fumarolic activity. A thermal anomaly was detected daily in satellite images. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Shishaldin | Fox Islands (USA) | 54.756°N, 163.97°W | Elevation 2857 m
AVO reported that seismicity at Shishaldin continued to be elevated over background levels 10-16 June indicating that low-level eruptive activity confined to the summit crater likely continued. Elevated surface temperatures were periodically detected in satellite images, and minor steaming was recorded by the webcam. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Ubinas | Peru | 16.355°S, 70.903°W | Elevation 5672 m
Instituto Geofísico del Perú (IGP) Observatorio Volcanológico del Sur (OVS) reported that during 9-16 June the number of long-period earthquakes greatly decreased to 62 events/day from 778 events/day the previous week. Volcano-tectonic events continued to occur at a high rate. Periods of constant ash emissions during 9-11 June rose as high as 1.4 km above the crater base and drifted mainly NE, E, and SE. Sporadic pulses of gas and ash on 12 June rose 800 m. A hybrid event was recorded at 1915 on 13 June; six hours later a thermal anomaly was detected by satellite images. Another thermal anomaly was detected on 16 June.
Zhupanovsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | 53.589°N, 159.15°E | Elevation 2899 m
KVERT reported that explosive activity at Zhupanovsky continued during 5-12 June; ash plumes rose to an altitude of 6 km (a.s.l.) during 7-9 June. Satellite images showed a thermal anomaly over the volcano during 8-9 June, and ash clouds drifting 250 km SE on 9 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Weekly Reports Archive
|Ahyi||Fuego||Little Sitkin||San Vicente|
|Antuco||Great Sitkin||Manda Hararo||Semisopochnoi|
|Azul, Cerro||Hokkaido-Komagatake||Metis Shoal||Soputan|
|Azumayama||Home Reef||Misti, El||Sorikmarapi|
|Balbi||Hudson, Cerro||Momotombo||Soufriere Hills|
|Bamus||Huila, Nevado del||Monowai||Soufriere St. Vincent|
|Banda Api||Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai||Montagu Island||South Sarigan Seamount|
|Barren Island||Ijen||Mutnovsky||St. Helens|
|Bezymianny||Iliwerung||Negra, Sierra||Sulu Range|
|Callaqui||Kaba||NW Rota-1||Tair, Jebel at|
|Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia||Kambalny||Nyiragongo||Talang|
|Chiles-Cerro Negro||Kasatochi||Palena Volcanic Group||Telica|
|Chillan, Nevados de||Katla||Paluweh||Tenerife|
|Copahue||Kick 'em Jenny||Planchon-Peteroa||Toliman|
|Dieng Volcanic Complex||Kolokol Group||Raoul Island||Unknown Source|
|Ekarma||Kuchinoerabujima||Rincon de la Vieja||White Island|
|Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]||Langila||Ruapehu||Zavodovski|
|Eyjafjallajokull||Lanin||Ruiz, Nevado del||Zhupanovsky|
|Fogo||Lengai, Ol Doinyo||Sakar|
|Fournaise, Piton de la||Lewotobi||San Cristobal|
News Feeds and Google Placemarks
The RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website.
The CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management. They are similar in content to the RSS feed, but contain no active links.
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
2. Rapidly developing events lead to coverage that is often fragmentary. Volcanoes, their eruptions, and their plumes and associated atmospheric effects are complex phenomena that may require months to years of data analysis in order to create a comprehensive summary and interpretation of events.
3. Preliminary accounts sometimes contain exaggerations and "false alarms," and accordingly, this report may include some events ultimately found to be erroneous or misleading.
4. Many news agencies do not archive the articles they post on the Internet, and therefore the links to some sources may not be active. To obtain information about the cited articles that are no longer available on the Internet contact the source.
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RSS and CAP Feeds
An RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feed for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report first made available on 5 March 2008 can be utilized with the aid of various free downloadable readers. The report content of the news feed is identical to the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report minus some features including the header information (latitude and longitude and summit elevation), the Geologic Summary, and a link to the volcano's page from the Global Volcanism Program. Each volcano report includes a link from the volcano's name back to the more complete information in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report on the Smithsonian website. On 12 March 2009, GeoRSS tags were added so that the latitude and longitude for each volcano could be included with the feed.
At the end of each individual report is a list of the sources used. We would like to emphasize that the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) website (http://www.wovo.org/) lists the regional volcano observatories that have the most authoritative data for many of these events.
CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) feeds are XML files specifically formatted for disaster management.
Google Earth Placemarks
A Google Earth network link for the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report was first made available on 1 April 2009. This file can be loaded into the free Google Earth software, and in turn will load placemarks for volcanoes in the current weekly report. Placemark balloons include the volcano name, report date, report text, sources, and links back to the GVP volcano page for that volcano and to the complete Weekly Report for that week.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
a.s.l. - above sea level
CENAPRED - Centro Nacionale de Prevencion de Desastres (México)
COSPEC - Correlation Spectrometer
CVGHM (formerly VSI) - Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation
GMS - Geostationary Meteorological Satellite
GVO - Goma Volcano Observatory
ICE - Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Costa Rica)
IG - Instituto Geofísico (Ecuador)
IGNS - Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (New Zealand) - now GNS Science
INETER - Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (Nicaragua)
INGEMMET - Instituto Geológical Minero y Metalúrgico (Peru)
INGEOMINAS - Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Minería (Colombia)
INGV-CT - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Sezione di Catania (Italy)
INSIVUMEH - Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia e Hidrologia (Guatemala)
IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France)
KEMSD - Kamchatkan Experimental and Methodical Seismilogical Department
M - magnitude
METEOSAT - Meteorological Satellite
MEVO - Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory
MWO - Meteorological Watch Office
NOTAM - Notice to Airmen
OVDAS - Observatorio Volcanologico de los Andes del Sur (Chile)
ONEMI - Oficina Nacional de Emergencia - Ministerio del Interior (Chile)
OVPDLF - Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise (France)
OVSICORI-UNA - Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica)
PHIVOLCS - Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Philippines)
RSAM - Real-time Seismic Amplitude Measurement
RVO - Rabaul Volcano Observatory
SERNAGEOMIN - Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)
SIGMET - Significant Meteorological Information
SNET - Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (El Salvador)
SVERT - Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (Russia)
UTC - Coordinated Universal Time
VAAC - Volcanic Ash Advisory Center
VAFTAD - Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion
VRC - Volcano Research Center (Japan)