Report on Telica (Nicaragua) — April 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 4 (April 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland
Telica (Nicaragua) No significant plume emission
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Telica (Nicaragua). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:4. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199204-344040.
12.602°N, 86.845°W; summit elev. 1061 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Although no detailed observations were made, no significant plume was emitted during 23-29 April fieldwork. Fumarolic activity that was vigorous in June 1989 (SEAN 14:02 and 14:06) had decreased notably by February 1990 (BGVN 16:02). Fumarole temperatures had also decreased, from around 550°C (9-10 March 1989) to <=246°C on 13 June 1990.
Geologic Background. Telica, one of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes, has erupted frequently since the beginning of the Spanish era. This volcano group consists of several interlocking cones and vents with a general NW alignment. Sixteenth-century eruptions were reported at symmetrical Santa Clara volcano at the SW end of the group. However, its eroded and breached crater has been covered by forests throughout historical time, and these eruptions may have originated from Telica, whose upper slopes in contrast are unvegetated. The steep-sided cone of 1061-m-high Telica is truncated by a 700-m-wide double crater; the southern crater, the source of recent eruptions, is 120 m deep. El Liston, immediately SE of Telica, has several nested craters. The fumaroles and boiling mudpots of Hervideros de San Jacinto, SE of Telica, form a prominent geothermal area frequented by tourists, and geothermal exploration has occurred nearby.
Information Contacts: S.N. Williams, Arizona State Univ.