Report on Momotombo (Nicaragua) — March 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 3 (March 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke
Momotombo (Nicaragua) Small gas plume
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Momotombo (Nicaragua). In: Venzke, E (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:3. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199303-344090.
12.422°N, 86.54°W; summit elev. 1297 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A small gas plume was present on 6-7 January, with no apparent change from previous years.
Geologic Background. Momotombo is a young, 1297-m-high stratovolcano that rises prominently above the NW shore of Lake Managua, forming one of Nicaragua's most familiar landmarks. Momotombo began growing about 4500 years ago at the SE end of the Marrabios Range and consists of a somma from an older edifice that is surmounted by a symmetrical younger cone with a 150 x 250 m wide summit crater. Young lava flows from Momotombo have flowed down the NW flank into the 4-km-wide Monte Galán caldera. The youthful cone of Momotombito forms a 391-m-high island offshore in Lake Managua. Momotombo has a long record of strombolian eruptions, punctuated by occasional larger explosive activity. The latest eruption, in 1905, produced a lava flow that traveled from the summit to the lower NE base. A small black plume was seen above the crater after an April 10, 1996 earthquake, but later observations noted no significant changes in the crater. A major geothermal field is located on the southern flank of the volcano.
Information Contacts: Andrea Borgia, Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica, via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Roma, Italy; B. van Wyk de Vries, Open Univ; Peter J. Baxter, Dept of Community Medicine, Cambridge, England.