Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — December 1994
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 19, no. 12 (December 1994)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Dukono (Indonesia) Small eruptions prompt aviation notices
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1994. Report on Dukono (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 19:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199412-268010.
1.693°N, 127.894°E; summit elev. 1229 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
NOTAMs issued from the Ujung Pandang aviation control center on 22 November and 1 December 1994 indicated that Dukono was active, but the height of the ash cloud and its direction of drift were unknown. Satellite imagery on 22 November showed cumulus clouds but no evidence of ash. A pilot report from Qantas Airlines on 7 January 1995 described an ash cloud extending to ~6 km altitude and drifting NW, consistent with upper-level wind data; satellite imagery showed no evidence of ash.
Eruptive activity during he first half of 1993 consisted of dark ash clouds, sometimes associated with incandescent fragments (VSI, 1993a). The height of the ash cloud generally varied from 300-600 m above Malupang Magiwe crater . . . .
Geologic Background. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, occurred from 1933 until at least the mid-1990s, when routine observations were curtailed. During a major eruption in 1550, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the north-flank cone of Gunung Mamuya. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.
Information Contacts: BOM Darwin, Australia.