Report on Telica (Nicaragua) — March 1998
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 23, no. 3 (March 1998)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Telica (Nicaragua) February visit reveals slight increase in fumarolic activity and collapse zone
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1998. Report on Telica (Nicaragua). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 23:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199803-344040.
12.606°N, 86.84°W; summit elev. 1036 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Scientists visited Telica's crater on 7 February. They observed a slight increase in fumarolic activity and an active collapse zone on the S crater rim. Light incandescence seen at night had an estimated temperature of 550°C.
Geologic Background. Telica, one of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes, has erupted frequently since the beginning of the Spanish era. This volcano group consists of several interlocking cones and vents with a general NW alignment. Sixteenth-century eruptions were reported at symmetrical Santa Clara volcano at the SW end of the group. However, its eroded and breached crater has been covered by forests throughout historical time, and these eruptions may have originated from Telica, whose upper slopes in contrast are unvegetated. The steep-sided cone of Telica is truncated by a 700-m-wide double crater; the southern crater, the source of recent eruptions, is 120 m deep. El Liston, immediately E, has several nested craters. The fumaroles and boiling mudpots of Hervideros de San Jacinto, SE of Telica, form a prominent geothermal area frequented by tourists, and geothermal exploration has occurred nearby.
Information Contacts: Alain Creusot, Instituto Nicaraguense de Energía, Managua, Nicaragua.