Report on Kelut (Indonesia) — June 2003
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 28, no. 6 (June 2003)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Kelut (Indonesia) Crater lake temperature drops in early 2001; no activity reported
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Kelut (Indonesia). In: Venzke, E (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 28:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200306-263280.
7.93°S, 112.308°E; summit elev. 1731 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 6 March-9 April 2001 at Kelut, the temperature of the crater lake decreased from 50 to 48°C. Tectonic earthquakes were recorded during mid-March 2001, with two occurring per week during 12-23 March. Visual and instrumental observations showed no significant changes. Kelut remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). No further reports were issued through at least May 2003.
Geologic Background. The relatively inconspicuous, 1731-m-high Kelut stratovolcano contains a summit crater lake that has been the source of some of Indonesia's most deadly eruptions. A cluster of summit lava domes cut by numerous craters has given the summit a very irregular profile. Satellitic cones and lava domes are also located low on the eastern, western, and SSW flanks. Eruptive activity has in general migrated in a clockwise direction around the summit vent complex. More than 30 eruptions have been recorded from Gunung Kelut since 1000 CE. The ejection of water from the crater lake during the typically short but violent eruptions has created pyroclastic flows and lahars that have caused widespread fatalities and destruction. After more than 5000 people were killed during an eruption in 1919, an ambitious engineering project sought to drain the crater lake. This initial effort lowered the lake by more than 50 m, but the 1951 eruption deepened the crater by 70 m, leaving 50 million cubic meters of water after repair of the damaged drainage tunnels. After more than 200 deaths in the 1966 eruption, a new deeper tunnel was constructed, and the lake's volume before the 1990 eruption was only about 1 million cubic meters.
Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).