Report on Egon (Indonesia) — May 2005
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 30, no. 5 (May 2005)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Egon (Indonesia) Three eruptions in February 2005 eject ash and gas
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2005. Report on Egon (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 30:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200505-264160.
8.676°S, 122.455°E; summit elev. 1661 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Table 2 below tabulates the seismic activity by date of the volcano prior to and subsequent to its eruption on 6 February 2005, but little was reported concerning that event. The volcano erupted again on 7 February. That eruption was accompanied by a strong smell of SO2 or H2S in the villages of Hebing and Hale and apparently rendered a villager unconscious.[Skip text table]
Date Volcanic Volcanic Emission Low Tectonic Tremor Alert B A Frequency amplitude Level 05 Jan 2005 16 1 7 6 8 2-3 mm 3 06 Jan 2005 48 -- 3 -- 7 1-2 mm 3 Week of 24 Jan 48 1 1 53 18 -- 3 Week of 01 Feb 152 3 -- 109 76 -- -- 14 Feb 2005 32 17 -- -- 5 30 mm 4 25-27 Feb 2005 61 4 24 2 19 1 mm 4
On 8 February 2005 a fissure about 1 km long appeared along the southern slope. Vegetation along the fissure's margins had died, indicating that a gas blow out had occurred there. On 14 February 2005 at 1830 another explosion occurred. It was accompanied by significant seismic activity (see table 2). This latest eruption ejected ash and glowing material as high as 50 m above the summit. Volcanic earthquakes were frequent.
Distances increased for electronic distance measurements (EDM) during April, July, and October 2004 and during February 2005 (the last four measurements). During 25-27 February 2005 ash plumes rose to 50 m high. Volcano status remained at alert level 4 (the highest hazard status).
Geologic Background. Gunung Egon volcano sits astride the narrow waist of eastern Flores Island. The barren, sparsely vegetated summit region has a 350-m-wide, 200-m-deep crater that sometimes contains a lake. Other small crater lakes occur on the flanks of the 1703-m-high volcano, which is also known as Namang. A lava dome forms the southern 1671-m-high summit. Solfataric activity occurs on the crater wall and rim and on the upper southern flank. Reports of historical eruptive activity prior to explosive eruptions beginning in 2004 were inconclusive. A column of "smoke" was often observed above the summit during 1888-1891 and in 1892. Strong "smoke" emission in 1907 reported by Sapper (1917) was considered by the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World (Neumann van Padang, 1951) to be an historical eruption, but Kemmerling (1929) noted that this was likely confused with an eruption on the same date and time from Lewotobi Lakilaki volcano.
Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Sri Kisyati, Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (DVGHM), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).