Report on Makian (Indonesia) — July 1976
Natural Science Event Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 10 (July 1976)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Makian (Indonesia) Evacuation due to possible pending eruption
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1976. Report on Makian (Indonesia). In: Squires, D (ed.), Natural Science Event Bulletin, 1:10. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.NSEB197607-268070.
0.32°N, 127.4°E; summit elev. 1357 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The Jakarta Domestic Service reported on 13 June that "the Social Affairs Dept. has designated Malifut County in Kao Subdistrict, North Maluku District, as a resettlement area for 3,250 families being evacuated from Makian Island, because there is a possibility that the volcano on the island will erupt at any time."
Geologic Background. Makian volcano forms a 10-km-wide island near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the west coast of Halmahera and has been the source of infrequent, but violent eruptions that have devastated villages on the island. The large 1.5-km-wide summit crater, containing a small lake on the NE side, gives the peak a flat-topped profile. Two prominent valleys extend to the coast from the summit crater on the north and east sides. Four parasitic cones are found on the western flanks. Eruption have been recorded since about 1550; major eruptions in 1646, 1760-61, 1861-62, 1890, and 1988 caused extensive damage and many fatalities.
Information Contacts: Jakarta DRS, Jakarta.