Report on Mayon (Philippines) — June 1981
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 6 (June 1981)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Mayon (Philippines) Mudflows from typhoon rains
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1981. Report on Mayon (Philippines). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 6:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198106-273030.
13.257°N, 123.685°E; summit elev. 2462 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
At about 2000 on 30 June, mudflows triggered by continuous rains accompanying Typhoon Daling swept villages in the S and E sectors of Mayon. Preliminary estimates set casualties at about 100 persons with many more missing [but see 6:7].
Geologic Background. Beautifully symmetrical Mayon, which rises above the Albay Gulf NW of Legazpi City, is the Philippines' most active volcano. The structurally simple edifice has steep upper slopes averaging 35-40 degrees that are capped by a small summit crater. Historical eruptions date back to 1616 and range from Strombolian to basaltic Plinian, with cyclical activity beginning with basaltic eruptions, followed by longer term andesitic lava flows. Eruptions occur predominately from the central conduit and have also produced lava flows that travel far down the flanks. Pyroclastic flows and mudflows have commonly swept down many of the approximately 40 ravines that radiate from the summit and have often devastated populated lowland areas. A violent eruption in 1814 killed more than 1,200 people and devastated several towns.
Information Contacts: O. Peña, COMVOL, Quezon City.