Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea) — July 1981
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 7 (July 1981)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Manam (Papua New Guinea) Ash emission continues
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1981. Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 6:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198107-251020.
Papua New Guinea
4.08°S, 145.037°E; summit elev. 1807 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Visible activity in July remained similar to that observed in June. Emissions from Southern crater varied between white, brown, light grey, and dark grey. Main crater released grey emissions on several days. Occasional weak rumbling sounds, and deep booming sounds on 30 July, probably originated from Southern crater. No observations were made of summit glow or ejections of incandescent lava fragments. Occasional ashfalls were registered on the SW to NW flanks. Seismic activity and tilts showed no significant changes from previous trends [but see 6:8]."
Geologic Background. The 10-km-wide island of Manam, lying 13 km off the northern coast of mainland Papua New Guinea, is one of the country's most active volcanoes. Four large radial valleys extend from the unvegetated summit of the conical 1807-m-high basaltic-andesitic stratovolcano to its lower flanks. These "avalanche valleys" channel lava flows and pyroclastic avalanches that have sometimes reached the coast. Five small satellitic centers are located near the island's shoreline on the northern, southern, and western sides. Two summit craters are present; both are active, although most historical eruptions have originated from the southern crater, concentrating eruptive products during much of the past century into the SE valley. Frequent historical eruptions, typically of mild-to-moderate scale, have been recorded since 1616. Occasional larger eruptions have produced pyroclastic flows and lava flows that reached flat-lying coastal areas and entered the sea, sometimes impacting populated areas.
Information Contacts: C. McKee, RVO.