Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea) — April 1982
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 4 (April 1982)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Manam (Papua New Guinea) Smaller explosions; earthquakes and harmonic tremor
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1982. Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 7:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198204-251020.
Papua New Guinea
4.08°S, 145.037°E; summit elev. 1807 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Activity was weaker in April. Southern crater was relatively quiet for most of the month, emitting brown-grey tephra clouds of small to moderate volume. However, 2 discrete explosions were observed on 24 and 25 April, with clouds reaching heights of about 600 m and 1500 m respectively. Main crater was reactivated on about 10 April when small grey tephra clouds were observed. The period of strongest activity was 15-20 April and included louder explosive sound effects, increased emission of tephra, and incandescent tephra ejections to about 130 m. Seismic activity was generally low, but higher 15-20 April. A change in the character of the seismicity, from discrete events occurring at rates of several per minute to more or less continuous tremor, was noticed 7-15 April. A rapid intensification in seismic amplitude occurred 15-18 April, and an abrupt decrease took place after the 20th. No significant variations were registered by the tiltmeters."
Geologic Background. The 10-km-wide island of Manam, lying 13 km off the northern coast of mainland Papua New Guinea, is one of the country's most active volcanoes. Four large radial valleys extend from the unvegetated summit of the conical 1807-m-high basaltic-andesitic stratovolcano to its lower flanks. These "avalanche valleys" channel lava flows and pyroclastic avalanches that have sometimes reached the coast. Five small satellitic centers are located near the island's shoreline on the northern, southern, and western sides. Two summit craters are present; both are active, although most historical eruptions have originated from the southern crater, concentrating eruptive products during much of the past century into the SE valley. Frequent historical eruptions, typically of mild-to-moderate scale, have been recorded since 1616. Occasional larger eruptions have produced pyroclastic flows and lava flows that reached flat-lying coastal areas and entered the sea, sometimes impacting populated areas.
Information Contacts: C. McKee, RVO.