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Report on Concepcion (Nicaragua) — April 1983

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 4 (April 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Concepcion (Nicaragua) Strong ash eruption; no damage

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Concepcion (Nicaragua). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198304-344120.

Volcano Profile |  Complete Bulletin


Concepcion

Nicaragua

11.538°N, 85.622°W; summit elev. 1700 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


At the beginning of March, earthquakes were recorded and unusually strong gas columns were observed. A strong ash eruption began on 15 March and continued until the 24th, but caused no damage. Earthquakes accompanied the activity, but there were very few compared to the usual seismicity at the volcano. The ash eruptions were smaller than those of 1977 (2:4).

Geologic Background. Volcán Concepción is one of Nicaragua's highest and most active volcanoes. The symmetrical basaltic-to-dacitic stratovolcano forms the NW half of the dumbbell-shaped island of Ometepe in Lake Nicaragua and is connected to neighboring Madera volcano by a narrow isthmus. A steep-walled summit crater is 250 m deep and has a higher western rim. N-S-trending fractures on the flanks have produced chains of spatter cones, cinder cones, lava domes, and maars located on the NW, NE, SE, and southern sides extending in some cases down to Lake Nicaragua. Concepción was constructed above a basement of lake sediments, and the modern cone grew above a largely buried caldera, a small remnant of which forms a break in slope about halfway up the N flank. Frequent explosive eruptions during the past half century have increased the height of the summit significantly above that shown on current topographic maps and have kept the upper part of the volcano unvegetated.

Information Contacts: D. Fajardo B., INETER.