Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — January 1985
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 1 (January 1985)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Klyuchevskoy (Russia) Tephra ejection; lava flow with fountains
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1985. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 10:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198501-300260.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Kliuchevskoi's summit eruption continued in November and December. Lava flows reached 1.5 km in length. Gas and ash columns rose 2-4 km above the summit and bombs reached 300 m height. At times lava fountains were observed above the crater rim. Eruption character remained constant through mid-January.
Thermal infrared images from the NOAA 6 polar orbiting satellite on 23 November (at 1852) and 24 November (at 0839) showed narrow plumes emerging from Kliuchevskoi and extending roughly 60 km E. Soviet volcanologists reported that the ash column rose to about 4 km above the crater 23-24 November.
Further Reference. Gordeev, E.I., Mel'nikov, Yu.Yu., Sinitsin, V.I., and Chebrov, V.N., 1986, Volcanic tremor of Kliuchevskoi volcano (eruption of summit crater in 1984): Volcanology and Seismology, no. 5, p. 39-53.
Geologic Background. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.
Information Contacts: B. Ivanov, IVP; M. Matson and W. Gould, NOAA.