Report on Akan (Japan) — December 1987
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 12 (December 1987)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Akan (Japan) Minor ash emission follows increased seismicity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1987. Report on Akan (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 12:12. Smithsonian Institution.
43.384°N, 144.013°E; summit elev. 1499 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Minor eruptive activity occurred at Me-Akan cone between the evening of 5 January and the next morning. The eruption caused minor flank ashfall. Volcanic earthquakes had increased sharply in December and weak volcanic tremor occurred 4-6 January.
Geologic Background. Akan is a 13 x 24 km caldera located immediately SW of Kussharo caldera. The elongated, irregular outline of the caldera rim reflects its incremental formation during major explosive eruptions from the early to mid-Pleistocene. Growth of four post-caldera stratovolcanoes, three at the SW end of the caldera and the other at the NE side, has restricted the size of the caldera lake. Conical Oakandake was frequently active during the Holocene. The 1-km-wide Nakamachineshiri crater of Meakandake was formed during a major pumice-and-scoria eruption about 13,500 years ago. Within the Akan volcanic complex, only the Meakandake group, east of Lake Akan, has been historically active, producing mild phreatic eruptions since the beginning of the 19th century. Meakandake is composed of nine overlapping cones. The main cone of Meakandake proper has a triple crater at its summit. Historical eruptions at Meakandake have consisted of minor phreatic explosions, but four major magmatic eruptions including pyroclastic flows have occurred during the Holocene.
Information Contacts: Y. Sawada, JMA.