Report on Llaima (Chile) — April 1988
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 4 (April 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Llaima (Chile) New fumarolic activity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Llaima (Chile). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198804-357110.
38.692°S, 71.729°W; summit elev. 3125 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
New fumarolic activity has been detected from Llaima's south peak, 1 km SSE of the main crater. A very weak white plume observed in April 1987 strengthened toward the end of the year. Increased activity was evident on 27 March 1988, when vapor was rising from all of the south peak's summit area, and some E flank fractures emitted small fumarolic plumes.
Geologic Background. Llaima, one of Chile's largest and most active volcanoes, contains two main historically active craters, one at the summit and the other, Pichillaima, to the SE. The massive, dominantly basaltic-to-andesitic, stratovolcano has a volume of 400 km3. A Holocene edifice built primarily of accumulated lava flows was constructed over an 8-km-wide caldera that formed about 13,200 years ago, following the eruption of the 24 km3 Curacautín Ignimbrite. More than 40 scoria cones dot the volcano's flanks. Following the end of an explosive stage about 7200 years ago, construction of the present edifice began, characterized by Strombolian, Hawaiian, and infrequent subplinian eruptions. Frequent moderate explosive eruptions with occasional lava flows have been recorded since the 17th century.
Information Contacts: H. Moreno, Univ de Chile.