Report on Kirishimayama (Japan) — 9 March-15 March 2011
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 9 March-15 March 2011
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2011. Report on Kirishimayama (Japan). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 9 March-15 March 2011. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
31.934°N, 130.862°E; summit elev. 1700 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on notifications from JMA and pilot observations, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption from Kirishima's Shinmoe-dake (Shinmoe peak) on 13 March produced ash plumes that rose to altitudes of 5.5-6.1 km (18,000-20,000 ft) a.s.l. Some plumes drifted E. According to news sources, people within 1.6 km evacuated and windows more than 6 km away shattered.
Geologic Background. Kirishimayama is a large group of more than 20 Quaternary volcanoes located north of Kagoshima Bay. The late-Pleistocene to Holocene dominantly andesitic group consists of stratovolcanoes, pyroclastic cones, maars, and underlying shield volcanoes located over an area of 20 x 30 km. The larger stratovolcanoes are scattered throughout the field, with the centrally located Karakunidake being the highest. Onamiike and Miike, the two largest maars, are located SW of Karakunidake and at its far eastern end, respectively. Holocene eruptions have been concentrated along an E-W line of vents from Miike to Ohachi, and at Shinmoedake to the NE. Frequent small-to-moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the 8th century.