Report on Zhupanovsky (Russia) — 10 February-16 February 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 10 February-16 February 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Zhupanovsky (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 10 February-16 February 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
53.589°N, 159.15°E; summit elev. 2899 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
KVERT reported that moderate steam-and-gas activity at Zhupanovsky continued during 5-12 February. Explosions on 5, 7, and 9 February generated ash plumes detected in satellite images that drifted over 545 km E and N. A thermal anomaly was detected during 5 and 9-11 February. An explosion at 0929 on 13 February was recorded by a video camera and generated an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 7 km (23,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E. A larger explosion visually observed a minute later generated an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 10 km (32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 50 km SE. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Red. In a report issued at 1134, KVERT noted that only moderate amounts of gas and steam rose from the volcano; the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Orange. Ash from the earlier explosions drifted E over Kronotsky Bay and NW. A few hours later an ash plume was detected in satellite images rising 1 km above the volcano and drifting 288 km E.
Geologic Background. The Zhupanovsky volcanic massif consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes along a WNW-trending ridge. The elongated volcanic complex was constructed within a Pliocene-early Pleistocene caldera whose rim is exposed only on the eastern side. Three of the stratovolcanoes were built during the Pleistocene, the fourth is Holocene in age and was the source of all of Zhupanovsky's historical eruptions. An early Holocene stage of frequent moderate and weak eruptions from 7000 to 5000 years before present (BP) was succeeded by a period of infrequent larger eruptions that produced pyroclastic flows. The last major eruption took place about 800-900 years BP. Historical eruptions have consisted of relatively minor explosions from the third cone.