Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 39.7°N
  • 44.3°E

  • 5165 m
    16941 ft

  • 213040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ararat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ararat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ararat.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 5 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1840 Jul 2 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Upper northern flank
[ 1783 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1450 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
0550 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology Summit (?) and north flank
2450 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology NW flank

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Ararat.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Ararat.

Photo Gallery

The snow-covered Mount Ararat massif is seen in the center of this 1992 Space Shuttle photo from the NE. The 5165-m-high, double-peaked stratovolcano Mt. Ararat is Turkey's highest, largest volume, and easternmost volcano, near the borders with Armenia and Iran. Ararat, along with its twin volcano, 3903-m-high Kucuk Ararat (the lower conical peak to the left of Ararat), covers an area of 1000 sq km. Fresh-looking postglacial lava flows were erupted from flank fissures, and well-preserved craters are located on the flanks of the volcano.

Photo by National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), 1992.
See title for photo information.
This Space Shuttle image shows the massive 1000-sq-km snow-capped Ararat massif in March 2001. The north-trending gash descending at the top-center from the summit crater of 5165-m-high Ararat is Ahora Gorge. New historical evidence documents a phreatic eruption and pyroclastic flow at the time of a July 1840 earthquake and landslide in the gorge. The conical peak of 3903-m-high Kucuk Ararat (Lesser Ararat) is visible at the far right, and youthful craters can be seen on the western flank of the massif at the left.

Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center, 2001 (
See title for photo information.
Glacier-clad Mount Ararat, seen in this oblique NASA Space Shuttle image, is Turkey's highest (5165 m), largest volume, and easternmost volcano. Its twin volcano, 3925-m-high Kucuk Ararat (or Lesser Ararat), lies across a saddle to the SE (right-center). Prominent lava flows with dramatic flow levees were erupted from flank vents between Greater and Lesser Ararat; one of these terminates in a fan-shaped lobe at the lower left. Pyroclastic-flow deposits from Ararat overlie early Bronze Age artifacts.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS002-E-10032, 2001 (
See title for photo information.
Snow-capped Mount Ararat is seen from the Khor Virap monastery in Armenia, NE of the volcano. The 5165-m-high Ararat, also known as Agri Dagi, is Turkey's highest and easternmost volcano, lying near the border with Armenia. Ararat appears to have been active during the 3rd millennium BCE; pyroclastic-flow deposits overlie early Bronze Age artifacts and human remains. A phreatic eruption and pyroclastic flow may have occurred at the time of a July 1840 earthquake and landslide.

Photo by Andrew Behesnilian (Wikimedia Commons).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 52091-3 Andesite -- --

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