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Halla

Photo of this volcano
  • South Korea
  • Kamchatka and Mainland Asia
  • Shield
  • 1007 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 33.361°N
  • 126.53°E

  • 1919 m
    6296 ft

  • 306040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Halla.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Halla.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Halla.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1007 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1002 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
2050 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW flank (Songaksan tuff ring)
2830 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NE flank (Ilchulbong tuff cone)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Halla.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Halla.

Photo Gallery

A cluster of cinder cones on the SW rift of Halla shield volcano is part of more than 360 cones that were erupted on the flanks of the volcano during the third and last stage of activity at Halla. Most of the flank cones were erupted along the SW-NE-trending rift zone that forms the axis of the island. The basaltic scoria cones are typically 150-200 m in height and are relatively uneroded.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
A waterfall plunging over a trachytic lava flow is a popular tourist destination on Cheju Island. An extensive lava plateau underlies the Halla shield volcano and extends to the coast of the 40 x 80 km island. The 1950-m-high Halla shield dominates the center of the island and has been active from the Pleistocene until historical time.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The massive Halla shield volcano, seen here from the south, forms much of the 40 x 80 km Cheju Island, which lies 90 km south of the Korean Peninsula. More than 360 late-Pleistocene and Holocene basaltic parasitic cones dotting the flanks of the low-angle volcano were erupted primarily along the long axis of the NE-SW-trending island. Most of these are scoria cones, but about 10 along the coast of the island are Pleistocene tuff rings and tuff cones. Flank eruptions continued into historical time, with the final two taking place during the 11th century.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Prominent columnar jointing is visible on the steep sides of a trachytic lava dome on the southern coast of Cheju Island. A cluster of trachytic lava domes were erupted near the end of the second stage of activity of Halla volcano, during which the 1950-m-high Halla shield volcano was formed in the center of the island.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Snow-capped Halla shield volcano is seen here from the north, near Cheju city, the largest on Cheju Island. Voluminous lava flows from Halla and an underlying lava plateau form the entire 40 x 80 km Cheju Island. The volcano is capped by the 400-m-wide Backlockdam summit crater and its flanks are dotted by hundreds of satellitic cones, some of which form small islands offshore.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1980 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: (C) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: SWest
Publisher: Univ of Tokyo Press & Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Country: Japan
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of (C) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: SWest
Title: China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: China
Year: 1984
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1984
Series: B1754
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of
Title: Historical Japan
Publisher: National Geographic Society
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Series: National Geographic
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,982,000
Map of Historical Japan
Title: Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Publisher: Geol Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Title: South Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Series: CIM 1:1 mil
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of South Japan
Title: South Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of South Japan
Title: South Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of South Japan
Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan
Title: (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Title: Jeju
Publisher: Geological and Mineral Institute of Korea
Country: Korea
Year: 1973
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Jeju
Title: Landform Classification
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Landform Classification
Title: Land Use
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Land Use
Title: Population Distribution
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Population Distribution
Title: River Systems
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of River Systems
Title: Cheju-Do Joint Operations Graphic
Publisher: US Army Topographic Command
Country: Korea
Year: 1969
Series: UATC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Cheju-Do Joint Operations Graphic
Title: Cheju-Do
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Korea
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Cheju-Do
Title: Nagasaki
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Nagasaki
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Halla in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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