Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) — January 1990
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 1 (January 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland
Langila (Papua New Guinea) Occasional Vulcanian explosions recorded; weak red glow; vapor emission
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:1. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199001-252010.
Papua New Guinea
5.525°S, 148.42°E; summit elev. 1330 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Activity remained at a moderate level throughout January. Weak red glow was observed over Crater 2 on every clear night of the month. Vapour was released in weak to moderate amounts. The seismicity consisted of numerous daily B-type events of small amplitude and an occasional Vulcanian explosion shock. Crater 3 was inactive except for weak fumarolic emissions."
Geologic Background. Langila, one of the most active volcanoes of New Britain, consists of a group of four small overlapping composite basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower eastern flank of the extinct Talawe volcano. Talawe is the highest volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain. A rectangular, 2.5-km-long crater is breached widely to the SE; Langila volcano was constructed NE of the breached crater of Talawe. An extensive lava field reaches the coast on the north and NE sides of Langila. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded since the 19th century from three active craters at the summit of Langila. The youngest and smallest crater (no. 3 crater) was formed in 1960 and has a diameter of 150 m.
Information Contacts: I. Itikarai and P. de Saint-Ours, RVO.