Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) — August 1990
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 8 (August 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Langila (Papua New Guinea) Continued moderate Vulcanian activity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:8. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199008-252010.
Papua New Guinea
5.525°S, 148.42°E; summit elev. 1330 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Moderate Vulcanian activity involving Crater 3 continued. Crater 3 . . . was releasing a plume of white vapour with frequent ash-laden clouds accompanied by weak Vulcanian explosions. The largest of these explosions (recorded by the nearby seismometer) totaled as many as 35/day. Ashfalls were reported in areas N and NW of the volcano. Rumbling noises were heard on 7 August and glows were observed on the 13th and 18th, associated with weak explosions.
"Meanwhile, emissions from Crater 2 consisted of white with occasionally blue vapour. Steady weak night glows were occasionally observed."
Geologic Background. Langila, one of the most active volcanoes of New Britain, consists of a group of four small overlapping composite basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower eastern flank of the extinct Talawe volcano. Talawe is the highest volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain. A rectangular, 2.5-km-long crater is breached widely to the SE; Langila volcano was constructed NE of the breached crater of Talawe. An extensive lava field reaches the coast on the north and NE sides of Langila. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded since the 19th century from three active craters at the summit of Langila. The youngest and smallest crater (no. 3 crater) was formed in 1960 and has a diameter of 150 m.
Information Contacts: I. Itikarai and C. McKee, RVO.